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authorDave Chapman <dave@dchapman.com>2008-10-04 08:46:03 +0000
committerDave Chapman <dave@dchapman.com>2008-10-04 08:46:03 +0000
commitc6be818212de133da4a51cebcdfee84c6dbae984 (patch)
treee6e321e0c0437d5a937db7c126be2289f30cb874 /rbutil
parentd16fe2d36a0881a1bf4f65b945087a10962ed33a (diff)
downloadrockbox-c6be818212de133da4a51cebcdfee84c6dbae984.tar.gz
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Move mkamsboot into the rbutil/mkamsboot/ directory - no other changes, so this should still work the same as before.
git-svn-id: svn://svn.rockbox.org/rockbox/trunk@18706 a1c6a512-1295-4272-9138-f99709370657
Diffstat (limited to 'rbutil')
-rw-r--r--rbutil/mkamsboot/Makefile56
-rw-r--r--rbutil/mkamsboot/README10
-rw-r--r--rbutil/mkamsboot/extract_fw.c129
-rw-r--r--rbutil/mkamsboot/mkamsboot.c341
-rw-r--r--rbutil/mkamsboot/nrv2e_d8.S194
-rw-r--r--rbutil/mkamsboot/test.S55
6 files changed, 785 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/rbutil/mkamsboot/Makefile b/rbutil/mkamsboot/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..4040c716b5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rbutil/mkamsboot/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+# Change INFILE to point to your original firmware file
+INFILE=$(HOME)/FW/AMS/CLIP/m300a-1.1.17A.bin
+
+# OUTFILE is the file you copy to your device's root and rename to
+# (e.g.) m300a.bin
+OUTFILE=patched.bin
+
+# The uclpack command
+UCLPACK=../../tools/uclpack
+
+all: $(OUTFILE)
+
+mkamsboot: mkamsboot.c
+ gcc -o mkamsboot -W -Wall mkamsboot.c
+
+extract_fw: extract_fw.c
+ gcc -o extract_fw -W -Wall extract_fw.c
+
+# Rules for our test ARM application - assemble, link, then extract
+# the binary code
+
+test.o: test.S
+ arm-elf-as -o test.o test.S
+
+test.elf: test.o
+ arm-elf-ld -e 0 -Ttext=0 -o test.elf test.o
+
+test.bin: test.elf
+ arm-elf-objcopy -O binary test.elf test.bin
+
+# Rules for the ucl unpack function - this is inserted in the padding at
+# the end of the original firmware block
+nrv2e_d8.o: nrv2e_d8.S
+ arm-elf-gcc -DPURE_THUMB -c -o nrv2e_d8.o nrv2e_d8.S
+
+# NOTE: this function has no absolute references, so the link address (-e)
+# is irrelevant. We just link at address 0.
+nrv2e_d8.elf: nrv2e_d8.o
+ arm-elf-ld -e 0 -Ttext=0 -o nrv2e_d8.elf nrv2e_d8.o
+
+nrv2e_d8.bin: nrv2e_d8.elf
+ arm-elf-objcopy -O binary nrv2e_d8.elf nrv2e_d8.bin
+
+firmware_block.ucl: firmware_block.bin
+ $(UCLPACK) --best --2e firmware_block.bin firmware_block.ucl
+
+firmware_block.bin: $(INFILE) extract_fw
+ ./extract_fw $(INFILE) firmware_block.bin
+
+$(OUTFILE): mkamsboot firmware_block.ucl test.bin nrv2e_d8.bin $(INFILE)
+ ./mkamsboot $(INFILE) firmware_block.ucl test.bin nrv2e_d8.bin $(OUTFILE)
+
+clean:
+ rm -fr amsinfo mkamsboot test.o test.elf test.bin extract_fw \
+ nrv2e_d8.o nrv2e_d8.elf nrv2e_d8.bin firmware_block.bin \
+ firmware_block.ucl $(OUTFILE) *~
diff --git a/rbutil/mkamsboot/README b/rbutil/mkamsboot/README
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..bf9ea698a2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rbutil/mkamsboot/README
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+mkamsboot
+---------
+
+A tool to inject some code (contained in test.S) into a firmware file.
+
+Edit the INFILE variable in the Makefile to point to the original
+firmware file you want to patch, edit "test.S" appropriately, and then
+type "make".
+
+
diff --git a/rbutil/mkamsboot/extract_fw.c b/rbutil/mkamsboot/extract_fw.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..e91d1f8de1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rbutil/mkamsboot/extract_fw.c
@@ -0,0 +1,129 @@
+/*
+
+extract_fw.c - extract the main firmware image from a Sansa V2 (AMS) firmware
+ file
+
+Copyright (C) Dave Chapman 2008
+
+This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+(at your option) any later version.
+
+This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110, USA
+
+*/
+
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+
+/* Win32 compatibility */
+#ifndef O_BINARY
+#define O_BINARY 0
+#endif
+
+
+static off_t filesize(int fd) {
+ struct stat buf;
+
+ if (fstat(fd,&buf) < 0) {
+ perror("[ERR] Checking filesize of input file");
+ return -1;
+ } else {
+ return(buf.st_size);
+ }
+}
+
+static uint32_t get_uint32le(unsigned char* p)
+{
+ return p[0] | (p[1] << 8) | (p[2] << 16) | (p[3] << 24);
+}
+
+void usage(void)
+{
+ printf("Usage: extract_fw <firmware file> <output file>\n");
+
+ exit(1);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char* argv[])
+{
+ char *infile, *outfile;
+ int fdin, fdout;
+ off_t len;
+ uint32_t n;
+ unsigned char* buf;
+ uint32_t firmware_size;
+
+ if(argc != 3) {
+ usage();
+ }
+
+ infile = argv[1];
+ outfile = argv[2];
+
+ /* Open the firmware file */
+ fdin = open(infile,O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
+
+ if (fdin < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not open %s for reading\n",infile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if ((len = filesize(fdin)) < 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* We will need no more memory than the total size plus the bootloader size
+ padded to a boundary */
+ if ((buf = malloc(len)) == NULL) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not allocate buffer for input file (%d bytes)\n",(int)len);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ n = read(fdin, buf, len);
+
+ if (n != (uint32_t)len) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not read firmware file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ close(fdin);
+
+ /* Get the firmware size */
+ firmware_size = get_uint32le(&buf[0x0c]);
+
+ fdout = open(outfile, O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_WRONLY|O_BINARY,0666);
+
+ if (fdout < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not open %s for writing\n",outfile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ n = write(fdout, buf + 0x400, firmware_size);
+
+ if (n != (uint32_t)firmware_size) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not write firmware block\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Clean up */
+ close(fdout);
+ free(buf);
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/rbutil/mkamsboot/mkamsboot.c b/rbutil/mkamsboot/mkamsboot.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..52ead58b69
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rbutil/mkamsboot/mkamsboot.c
@@ -0,0 +1,341 @@
+/*
+
+mkamsboot.c - a tool for merging bootloader code into an Sansa V2
+ (AMS) firmware file
+
+Copyright (C) Dave Chapman 2008
+
+This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+(at your option) any later version.
+
+This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110, USA
+
+*/
+
+
+/*
+
+Insert a Rockbox bootloader into an AMS original firmware file.
+
+We replace the main firmware block (bytes 0x400..0x400+firmware_size)
+as follows:
+
+
+ --------------------- 0x0
+| |
+| Rockbox bootloader |
+| |
+|---------------------|
+| EMPTY SPACE |
+|---------------------|
+| ucl unpack function |
+|---------------------|
+| |
+| compressed OF image |
+| |
+| |
+ ---------------------
+
+This entire block fits into the space previously occupied by the main
+firmware block, and gives about 40KB of space to store the Rockbox
+bootloader. This could be increased if we also UCL compress the
+Rockbox bootloader.
+
+mkamsboot then corrects the checksums and writes a new legal firmware
+file which can be installed on the device.
+
+Our bootloader first checks for the "dual-boot" keypress, and then either:
+
+a) Copies the ucl unpack function and compressed OF image to an unused
+ part of RAM and then branches to the ucl_unpack function, which
+ will then branch to 0x0 after decompressing the OF to that location.
+
+b) Continues running with our test code
+
+*/
+
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+
+/* Win32 compatibility */
+#ifndef O_BINARY
+#define O_BINARY 0
+#endif
+
+
+#define PAD_TO_BOUNDARY(x) (((x) + 0x1ff) & ~0x1ff)
+
+
+/* This magic should appear at the start of any UCL file */
+static const unsigned char uclmagic[] = {
+ 0x00, 0xe9, 0x55, 0x43, 0x4c, 0xff, 0x01, 0x1a
+};
+
+
+static off_t filesize(int fd) {
+ struct stat buf;
+
+ if (fstat(fd,&buf) < 0) {
+ perror("[ERR] Checking filesize of input file");
+ return -1;
+ } else {
+ return(buf.st_size);
+ }
+}
+
+static uint32_t get_uint32le(unsigned char* p)
+{
+ return p[0] | (p[1] << 8) | (p[2] << 16) | (p[3] << 24);
+}
+
+static uint32_t get_uint32be(unsigned char* p)
+{
+ return (p[0] << 24) | (p[1] << 16) | (p[2] << 8) | p[3];
+
+}
+
+static void put_uint32le(unsigned char* p, uint32_t x)
+{
+ p[0] = x & 0xff;
+ p[1] = (x >> 8) & 0xff;
+ p[2] = (x >> 16) & 0xff;
+ p[3] = (x >> 24) & 0xff;
+}
+
+static int calc_checksum(unsigned char* buf, uint32_t n)
+{
+ uint32_t sum = 0;
+ uint32_t i;
+
+ for (i=0;i<n;i+=4)
+ sum += get_uint32le(buf + i);
+
+ return sum;
+}
+
+void usage(void)
+{
+ printf("Usage: mkamsboot <firmware file> <ucl image> <boot file> <ucl unpack file> <output file>\n");
+
+ exit(1);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char* argv[])
+{
+ char *infile, *uclfile, *bootfile, *uclunpackfile, *outfile;
+ int fdin, fducl, fdboot, fduclunpack, fdout;
+ off_t len;
+ unsigned char uclheader[26];
+ uint32_t n;
+ unsigned char* buf;
+ uint32_t firmware_size;
+ uint32_t firmware_paddedsize;
+ uint32_t bootloader_size;
+ uint32_t ucl_size;
+ uint32_t ucl_paddedsize;
+ uint32_t uclunpack_size;
+ uint32_t sum,filesum;
+ uint32_t i;
+
+ if(argc != 6) {
+ usage();
+ }
+
+ infile = argv[1];
+ uclfile = argv[2];
+ bootfile = argv[3];
+ uclunpackfile = argv[4];
+ outfile = argv[5];
+
+ /* Open the bootloader file */
+ fdboot = open(bootfile, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
+ if (fdboot < 0)
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not open %s for reading\n",bootfile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ bootloader_size = filesize(fdboot);
+
+
+ /* Open the UCL-compressed image of the firmware block */
+ fduclunpack = open(uclunpackfile, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
+ if (fduclunpack < 0)
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not open %s for reading\n",uclunpackfile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ uclunpack_size = filesize(fduclunpack);
+
+
+ /* Open the UCL-compressed image of the firmware block */
+ fducl = open(uclfile, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
+ if (fducl < 0)
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not open %s for reading\n",uclfile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Some UCL file sanity checks */
+ n = read(fducl, uclheader, sizeof(uclheader));
+
+ if (n != sizeof(uclheader)) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not read header from UCL file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (memcmp(uclmagic, uclheader, sizeof(uclmagic))!=0) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Invalid UCL file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (uclheader[12] != 0x2e) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Unsupported UCL compression format (0x%02x) - only 0x2e supported.\n",uclheader[12]);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ ucl_size = get_uint32be(&uclheader[22]) + 8;
+ ucl_paddedsize = (ucl_size + 3) & ~0x3;
+
+ if (ucl_size + 26 > (unsigned)filesize(fducl)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "[ERR] Size mismatch in UCL file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Open the firmware file */
+ fdin = open(infile,O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
+
+ if (fdin < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not open %s for reading\n",infile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if ((len = filesize(fdin)) < 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* Allocate memory for the OF image - we don't change the size */
+ if ((buf = malloc(len)) == NULL) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not allocate buffer for input file (%d bytes)\n",(int)len);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ n = read(fdin, buf, len);
+
+ if (n != (uint32_t)len) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not read firmware file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ close(fdin);
+
+ /* Get the firmware size */
+ firmware_size = get_uint32le(&buf[0x0c]);
+
+ /* Round size up to next multiple of 0x200 */
+
+ firmware_paddedsize = PAD_TO_BOUNDARY(firmware_size);
+
+ fprintf(stderr,"Original firmware size - %d bytes\n",firmware_size);
+ fprintf(stderr,"Padded firmware size - %d bytes\n",firmware_paddedsize);
+ fprintf(stderr,"Bootloader size - %d bytes\n",bootloader_size);
+ fprintf(stderr,"UCL image size - %d bytes (%d bytes padded)\n",ucl_size,ucl_paddedsize);
+ fprintf(stderr,"UCL unpack function size - %d bytes\n",uclunpack_size);
+ fprintf(stderr,"Original total size of firmware - %d bytes\n",(int)len);
+
+ /* Check we have room for our bootloader - in the future, we could UCL
+ pack this image as well if we need to. */
+ if (bootloader_size > (firmware_size - ucl_paddedsize - uclunpack_size)) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Bootloader too large (%d bytes, %d available)\n",
+ bootloader_size, firmware_size - ucl_paddedsize - uclunpack_size);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Zero the original firmware area - not needed, but helps debugging */
+ memset(buf + 0x400, 0, firmware_size);
+
+ /* Locate our bootloader code at the start of the firmware block */
+ n = read(fdboot, buf + 0x400, bootloader_size);
+
+ if (n != bootloader_size) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not load bootloader file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ close(fdboot);
+
+ /* Locate the compressed image of the original firmware block at the end
+ of the firmware block */
+ n = read(fducl, buf + 0x400 + firmware_size - ucl_paddedsize, ucl_size);
+
+ if (n != ucl_size) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not load ucl file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ close(fducl);
+
+
+ /* Locate our UCL unpack function before copy of the compressed firmware */
+ n = read(fduclunpack, buf + 0x400 + firmware_size - ucl_paddedsize - uclunpack_size, uclunpack_size);
+
+ if (n != uclunpack_size) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not load uclunpack file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ close(fduclunpack);
+
+ put_uint32le(&buf[0x420], 0x40000 - ucl_paddedsize - uclunpack_size + 1); /* UCL unpack entry point */
+ put_uint32le(&buf[0x424], 0x40000 - ucl_paddedsize); /* Location of OF */
+ put_uint32le(&buf[0x428], ucl_size); /* Size of UCL image */
+ put_uint32le(&buf[0x42c], firmware_size - uclunpack_size - ucl_paddedsize); /* Start of data to copy */
+ put_uint32le(&buf[0x430], uclunpack_size + ucl_paddedsize); /* Size of data to copy */
+
+ /* Update checksum */
+ sum = calc_checksum(buf + 0x400,firmware_size);
+
+ put_uint32le(&buf[0x04], sum);
+ put_uint32le(&buf[0x204], sum);
+
+ /* Update the whole-file checksum */
+ filesum = 0;
+ for (i=0;i < (unsigned)len - 4; i+=4)
+ filesum += get_uint32le(&buf[i]);
+
+ put_uint32le(buf + len - 4, filesum);
+
+
+ /* Write the new firmware */
+ fdout = open(outfile, O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_WRONLY|O_BINARY,0666);
+
+ if (fdout < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not open %s for writing\n",outfile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ n = write(fdout, buf, len);
+
+ if (n != (unsigned)len) {
+ fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not write firmware file\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ close(fdout);
+
+ return 0;
+
+}
diff --git a/rbutil/mkamsboot/nrv2e_d8.S b/rbutil/mkamsboot/nrv2e_d8.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..89cb76dead
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rbutil/mkamsboot/nrv2e_d8.S
@@ -0,0 +1,194 @@
+/* arm_nrv2e_d8.S -- ARM decompressor for NRV2E
+
+ This file is part of the UPX executable compressor.
+
+ Copyright (C) 1996-2008 Markus Franz Xaver Johannes Oberhumer
+ Copyright (C) 1996-2008 Laszlo Molnar
+ Copyright (C) 2000-2008 John F. Reiser
+ All Rights Reserved.
+
+ UPX and the UCL library are free software; you can redistribute them
+ and/or modify them under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ along with this program; see the file COPYING.
+ If not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+
+ Markus F.X.J. Oberhumer Laszlo Molnar
+ <markus@oberhumer.com> <ml1050@users.sourceforge.net>
+
+ John F. Reiser
+ <jreiser@users.sourceforge.net>
+*/
+#define SAFE 0 /* 1 for src+dst bounds checking: cost 40 bytes */
+
+#define src r0
+#define len r1 /* overlaps 'cnt' */
+#define dst r2
+#define tmp r3
+#define bits r4
+#define off r5
+#define wrnk r6 /* 0x500 M2_MAX_OFFSET before "wrinkle" */
+#define srclim r7
+#if 1==SAFE /*{*/
+#define dstlim r12
+#endif /*}*/
+
+#define cnt r1 /* overlaps 'len' while reading an offset */
+
+#if 1==SAFE /*{*/
+#define CHECK_SRC cmp src,srclim; bhs bad_src_n2e
+#define CHECK_DST cmp dst,dstlim; bhs bad_dst_n2e
+#else /*}{*/
+#define CHECK_SRC /*empty*/
+#define CHECK_DST /*empty*/
+#endif /*}*/
+
+#if 0 /*{ DEBUG only: check newly-decompressed against original dst */
+#define CHECK_BYTE \
+ push {wrnk}; \
+ ldrb wrnk,[dst]; \
+ cmp wrnk,tmp; beq 0f; bkpt; \
+0: pop {wrnk}
+#else /*}{*/
+#define CHECK_BYTE /*empty*/
+#endif /*}*/
+
+/* "mov lr,pc; bxx ..." implements conditional subroutine call */
+#define GETBIT add bits,bits; mov lr,pc; beq get1_n2e
+
+#define getnextb(reg) GETBIT; adc reg,reg
+#define jnextb0 GETBIT; bcc
+#define jnextb1 GETBIT; bcs
+
+#ifndef PURE_THUMB
+ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8: .globl ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8 @ ARM mode
+ .type ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8, %function
+/* error = (*)(char const *src, int len_src, char *dst, int *plen_dst)
+ Actual decompressed length is stored through plen_dst.
+ For SAFE mode: at call, *plen_dst must be allowed length of output buffer.
+*/
+ adr r12,1+.thumb_nrv2e_d8; bx r12 @ enter THUMB mode
+#endif
+ .code 16 @ THUMB mode
+ .thumb_func
+
+.thumb_nrv2e_d8:
+#if 0
+ push {r2,r3, r4,r5,r6,r7, lr}
+#define sp_DST0 0 /* stack offset of original dst */
+#endif
+ add srclim,len,src @ srclim= eof_src;
+#if 1==SAFE /*{*/
+ ldr tmp,[r3] @ len_dst
+ add tmp,dst
+ mov dstlim,tmp
+#endif /*}*/
+ mov bits,#1; neg off,bits @ off= -1 initial condition
+ lsl bits,#31 @ 1<<31: refill next time
+ mov wrnk,#5
+ lsl wrnk,#8 @ 0x500 @ nrv2e M2_MAX_OFFSET
+ b top_n2e
+
+#if 1==SAFE /*{*/
+bad_dst_n2e: # return value will be 2
+ add src,srclim,#1
+bad_src_n2e: # return value will be 1
+ add src,#1
+#endif /*}*/
+eof_n2e:
+#if 0
+ pop {r3,r4} @ r3= orig_dst; r4= plen_dst
+ sub src,srclim @ 0 if actual src length equals expected length
+ sub dst,r3 @ actual dst length
+ str dst,[r4]
+ pop {r4,r5,r6,r7 /*,pc*/}
+ pop {r1}; bx r1 @ "pop {,pc}" fails return to ARM mode on ARMv4T
+#else
+ mov r0, #0
+ bx r0 /* Branch to 0x0, switch to ARM mode */
+#endif
+
+get1_n2e: @ In: Carry set [from adding 0x80000000 (1<<31) to itself]
+ ldrb bits,[src] @ zero-extend next byte
+ adc bits,bits @ double and insert CarryIn as low bit
+ CHECK_SRC
+ add src,#1
+ lsl bits,#24 @ move to top byte, and set CarryOut from old bit 8
+ mov pc,lr @ return, stay in current (THUMB) mode
+
+lit_n2e:
+ CHECK_SRC; ldrb tmp,[src]; add src,#1
+ CHECK_BYTE
+ CHECK_DST; strb tmp,[dst]; add dst,#1
+top_n2e:
+ jnextb1 lit_n2e
+ mov cnt,#1; b getoff_n2e
+
+off_n2e:
+ sub cnt,#1
+ getnextb(cnt)
+getoff_n2e:
+ getnextb(cnt)
+ jnextb0 off_n2e
+
+ sub tmp,cnt,#3 @ set Carry
+ mov len,#0 @ Carry unaffected
+ blo offprev_n2e @ cnt was 2; tests Carry only
+ lsl tmp,#8
+ CHECK_SRC; ldrb off,[src]; add src,#1 @ low 7+1 bits
+ orr off,tmp
+ mvn off,off; beq eof_n2e @ off= ~off
+ asr off,#1; bcs lenlast_n2e
+ b lenmore_n2e
+
+offprev_n2e:
+ jnextb1 lenlast_n2e
+lenmore_n2e:
+ mov len,#1
+ jnextb1 lenlast_n2e
+len_n2e:
+ getnextb(len)
+ jnextb0 len_n2e
+ add len,#6-2
+ b gotlen_n2e
+
+lenlast_n2e:
+ getnextb(len) @ 0,1,2,3
+ add len,#2
+gotlen_n2e: @ 'cmn': add the inputs, set condition codes, discard the sum
+ cmn wrnk,off; bcs near_n2e @ within M2_MAX_OFFSET
+ add len,#1 @ too far away, so minimum match length is 3
+near_n2e:
+#if 1==SAFE /*{*/
+ ldr tmp,[sp,#sp_DST0]
+ sub tmp,dst
+ sub tmp,off; bhi bad_dst_n2e @ reaching back too far
+
+ add tmp,dst,cnt
+ cmp tmp,dstlim; bhi bad_dst_n2e @ too much output
+#endif /*}*/
+ ldrb tmp,[dst] @ force cacheline allocate
+copy_n2e:
+ ldrb tmp,[dst,off]
+ CHECK_BYTE
+ strb tmp,[dst]; add dst,#1
+ sub len,#1; bne copy_n2e
+ b top_n2e
+
+#ifndef PURE_THUMB
+ .size ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8, .-ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8
+#endif
+
+/*
+vi:ts=8:et:nowrap
+ */
+
diff --git a/rbutil/mkamsboot/test.S b/rbutil/mkamsboot/test.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..a4757b44ce
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rbutil/mkamsboot/test.S
@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@
+/* int ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8(const unsigned char *src, unsigned char *dst,
+ unsigned long *dst_len) */
+
+.text
+.global ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8
+
+
+/* Vectors */
+ ldr pc, =start
+.word 0
+.word 0
+.word 0
+.word 0
+.word 0
+.word 0
+.word 0
+
+/* These values are filled in by mkamsboot - don't move them from offset 0x20 */
+ucl_unpack: .word 0 /* Entry point (plus 1 - for thumb) of ucl_unpack after copy*/
+ucl_start: .word 0 /* Start of the ucl-compressed OF image after copy */
+ucl_size: .word 0 /* Length in bytes of the compressed OF image */
+copy_start: .word 0 /* Start of the copy of the ucl_unpack function */
+copy_size: .word 0 /* uclunpack_size + ucl_paddedsize */
+
+start:
+ /* A delay loop - just to prove we're running */
+ mov r1, #0x500000 /* Approximately 5 seconds */
+loop: subs r1, r1, #1
+ bne loop
+
+ /* First copy the compressed firmware to unused RAM */
+
+ ldr r0, copy_start /* Source */
+ ldr r1, copy_size /* Source length */
+
+ mov r2, #0x40000 /* Destination end */
+ sub r2, r2, r1
+
+memcpy:
+ ldrb r3, [r0], #1
+ strb r3, [r2], #1
+ cmp r2, #0x40000 /* Stop when we reached dest_end */
+ bne memcpy
+
+ /* Call the ucl decompress function, which will branch to 0x0 */
+ /* on completion */
+
+ ldr r0, ucl_start /* Address of compressed image */
+ ldr r1, ucl_size /* Compressed size */
+ mov r2, #0 /* Destination */
+
+ ldr r3, ucl_unpack
+ bx r3
+
+ /* never reached */