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authorAmaury Pouly <amaury.pouly@gmail.com>2012-06-19 15:39:43 +0200
committerAmaury Pouly <amaury.pouly@gmail.com>2012-06-19 15:42:16 +0200
commitd6bbe39dc6ea7b8460c2fd0d5cf83ec076b035f2 (patch)
treed292f855539ce085c6fae73b8ac77177941ad55f /utils/rknanoutils
parente5d6e42e0b29170a596e03942a46ed4ad1fefd23 (diff)
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rknanoutils: more reverse engineering of the BOOT format.
I found out that the file has a number of "entries", in 3 categories. The third category seem to contain bootable files. In the RKnano firmware file I have, these entries are named "NandBoot1" and "NandBoot2". They seem to use the same format as the stage3 of the RKnanoFW format but we do not understand this format precisely for now anyway. Change-Id: I72d77e609cdeeb802af793c010d6788bf36cd7e2
Diffstat (limited to 'utils/rknanoutils')
-rw-r--r--utils/rknanoutils/rkboottool/rkboottool.c229
1 files changed, 201 insertions, 28 deletions
diff --git a/utils/rknanoutils/rkboottool/rkboottool.c b/utils/rknanoutils/rkboottool/rkboottool.c
index f1e0e97f69..f913b12377 100644
--- a/utils/rknanoutils/rkboottool/rkboottool.c
+++ b/utils/rknanoutils/rkboottool/rkboottool.c
@@ -137,8 +137,15 @@ static uint16_t crc(uint8_t *buf, int size)
return result;
}
+/* scramble mode */
+enum {
+ NO_ENC,
+ CONTINOUS_ENC, /* scramble whole block at once */
+ PAGE_ENC /* nand bootloader is scrambled in 0x200 chunks */
+};
+
static void save_blob(const struct rknano_blob_t *b, void *buf, uint32_t size,
- char *name, int suffix, bool descramble)
+ char *name, int suffix, int enc_mode)
{
if(g_out_prefix == NULL || b->size == 0 || b->offset + b->size > size)
return;
@@ -146,10 +153,23 @@ static void save_blob(const struct rknano_blob_t *b, void *buf, uint32_t size,
sprintf(path, "%s%s%d.bin", g_out_prefix, name, suffix);
FILE *f = fopen(path, "wb");
uint8_t *ptr = buf + b->offset;
- if(descramble)
+ if(enc_mode != NO_ENC)
{
ptr = malloc(b->size);
- encode_page(buf + b->offset, ptr, b->size);
+ int len = b->size;
+ uint8_t *buff_ptr = buf + b->offset;
+ uint8_t *out_ptr = ptr;
+ if(enc_mode == PAGE_ENC)
+ {
+ while(len >= 0x200)
+ {
+ encode_page(buff_ptr, out_ptr, 0x200);
+ buff_ptr += 0x200;
+ out_ptr += 0x200;
+ len -= 0x200;
+ }
+ }
+ encode_page(buff_ptr, out_ptr, len);
}
if(f)
@@ -158,7 +178,7 @@ static void save_blob(const struct rknano_blob_t *b, void *buf, uint32_t size,
fclose(f);
}
- if(descramble)
+ if(enc_mode != NO_ENC)
free(ptr);
}
@@ -196,7 +216,7 @@ static int do_nanofw_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
cprintf(GREEN, " %i: ", i);
print_blob_interval(&hdr->stage[i]);
cprintf(OFF, "\n");
- save_blob(&hdr->stage[i], buf, size, "stage", i, false);
+ save_blob(&hdr->stage[i], buf, size, "stage", i, NO_ENC);
}
cprintf(BLUE, "Fonts\n");
for(unsigned i = 0; i < hdr->nr_fonts; i++)
@@ -204,7 +224,7 @@ static int do_nanofw_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
cprintf(GREEN, " %i: ", i);
print_blob_interval(&hdr->font[i]);
cprintf(OFF, "\n");
- save_blob(&hdr->font[i], buf, size, "font", i, false);
+ save_blob(&hdr->font[i], buf, size, "font", i, NO_ENC);
}
cprintf(BLUE, "GBK\n");
for(unsigned i = 0; i < hdr->nr_gbk; i++)
@@ -212,7 +232,7 @@ static int do_nanofw_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
cprintf(GREEN, " %i: ", i);
print_blob_interval(&hdr->gbk[i]);
cprintf(OFF, "\n");
- save_blob(&hdr->gbk[i], buf, size, "gbk", i, false);
+ save_blob(&hdr->gbk[i], buf, size, "gbk", i, NO_ENC);
}
cprintf(BLUE, "String Tables\n");
for(unsigned i = 0; i < hdr->nr_strtbl; i++)
@@ -220,7 +240,7 @@ static int do_nanofw_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
cprintf(GREEN, " %i: ", i);
print_blob_interval(&hdr->strtbl[i]);
cprintf(OFF, "\n");
- save_blob(&hdr->strtbl[i], buf, size, "strtbl", i, false);
+ save_blob(&hdr->strtbl[i], buf, size, "strtbl", i, NO_ENC);
}
cprintf(BLUE, "Image Resources\n");
for(unsigned i = 0; i < hdr->nr_imageres; i++)
@@ -228,7 +248,7 @@ static int do_nanofw_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
cprintf(GREEN, " %i: ", i);
print_blob_interval(&hdr->imageres[i]);
cprintf(OFF, "\n");
- save_blob(&hdr->imageres[i], buf, size, "imgres", i, false);
+ save_blob(&hdr->imageres[i], buf, size, "imgres", i, NO_ENC);
}
cprintf(BLUE, "Unknown\n");
for(unsigned i = 0; i < hdr->nr_unk; i++)
@@ -236,7 +256,7 @@ static int do_nanofw_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
cprintf(GREEN, " %i: ", i);
print_blob_interval(&hdr->unk[i]);
cprintf(OFF, "\n");
- save_blob(&hdr->unk[i], buf, size, "unk", i, false);
+ save_blob(&hdr->unk[i], buf, size, "unk", i, NO_ENC);
}
cprintf(BLUE, "Other\n");
cprintf(GREEN, " Size: ");
@@ -313,6 +333,13 @@ static int do_nanostage_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
#define MAGIC_BOOT "BOOT"
#define MAGIC_BOOT_SIZE 4
+struct rknano_boot_desc_t
+{
+ uint8_t count;
+ uint32_t offset;
+ uint8_t stride;
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
struct rknano_boot_header_t
{
char magic[MAGIC_BOOT_SIZE];
@@ -322,16 +349,151 @@ struct rknano_boot_header_t
uint16_t field_E;
uint8_t field_10[5];
uint32_t field_15;
- uint8_t field_19;
- uint32_t field_1A;
- uint8_t field_1E[2];
- uint32_t field_20;
- uint8_t field_24[2];
- uint32_t field_26;
- uint8_t field_2A[10];
+ struct rknano_boot_desc_t desc_1;
+ struct rknano_boot_desc_t desc_2;
+ struct rknano_boot_desc_t desc_4;
+ uint8_t field_2B[9];
uint32_t field_34;
} __attribute__((packed));
+struct rknano_boot_entry_t
+{
+ uint8_t entry_size; // unsure
+ uint32_t unk;
+ uint16_t name[20];
+ uint32_t offset;
+ uint32_t size;
+ uint32_t sthg2;
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
+uint32_t boot_crc_table[256] =
+{
+ 0x00000000, 0x04C10DB7, 0x09821B6E, 0x0D4316D9,
+ 0x130436DC, 0x17C53B6B, 0x1A862DB2, 0x1E472005,
+ 0x26086DB8, 0x22C9600F, 0x2F8A76D6, 0x2B4B7B61,
+ 0x350C5B64, 0x31CD56D3, 0x3C8E400A, 0x384F4DBD,
+ 0x4C10DB70, 0x48D1D6C7, 0x4592C01E, 0x4153CDA9,
+ 0x5F14EDAC, 0x5BD5E01B, 0x5696F6C2, 0x5257FB75,
+ 0x6A18B6C8, 0x6ED9BB7F, 0x639AADA6, 0x675BA011,
+ 0x791C8014, 0x7DDD8DA3, 0x709E9B7A, 0x745F96CD,
+ 0x9821B6E0, 0x9CE0BB57, 0x91A3AD8E, 0x9562A039,
+ 0x8B25803C, 0x8FE48D8B, 0x82A79B52, 0x866696E5,
+ 0xBE29DB58, 0xBAE8D6EF, 0xB7ABC036, 0xB36ACD81,
+ 0xAD2DED84, 0xA9ECE033, 0xA4AFF6EA, 0xA06EFB5D,
+ 0xD4316D90, 0xD0F06027, 0xDDB376FE, 0xD9727B49,
+ 0xC7355B4C, 0xC3F456FB, 0xCEB74022, 0xCA764D95,
+ 0xF2390028, 0xF6F80D9F, 0xFBBB1B46, 0xFF7A16F1,
+ 0xE13D36F4, 0xE5FC3B43, 0xE8BF2D9A, 0xEC7E202D,
+ 0x34826077, 0x30436DC0, 0x3D007B19, 0x39C176AE,
+ 0x278656AB, 0x23475B1C, 0x2E044DC5, 0x2AC54072,
+ 0x128A0DCF, 0x164B0078, 0x1B0816A1, 0x1FC91B16,
+ 0x018E3B13, 0x054F36A4, 0x080C207D, 0x0CCD2DCA,
+ 0x7892BB07, 0x7C53B6B0, 0x7110A069, 0x75D1ADDE,
+ 0x6B968DDB, 0x6F57806C, 0x621496B5, 0x66D59B02,
+ 0x5E9AD6BF, 0x5A5BDB08, 0x5718CDD1, 0x53D9C066,
+ 0x4D9EE063, 0x495FEDD4, 0x441CFB0D, 0x40DDF6BA,
+ 0xACA3D697, 0xA862DB20, 0xA521CDF9, 0xA1E0C04E,
+ 0xBFA7E04B, 0xBB66EDFC, 0xB625FB25, 0xB2E4F692,
+ 0x8AABBB2F, 0x8E6AB698, 0x8329A041, 0x87E8ADF6,
+ 0x99AF8DF3, 0x9D6E8044, 0x902D969D, 0x94EC9B2A,
+ 0xE0B30DE7, 0xE4720050, 0xE9311689, 0xEDF01B3E,
+ 0xF3B73B3B, 0xF776368C, 0xFA352055, 0xFEF42DE2,
+ 0xC6BB605F, 0xC27A6DE8, 0xCF397B31, 0xCBF87686,
+ 0xD5BF5683, 0xD17E5B34, 0xDC3D4DED, 0xD8FC405A,
+ 0x6904C0EE, 0x6DC5CD59, 0x6086DB80, 0x6447D637,
+ 0x7A00F632, 0x7EC1FB85, 0x7382ED5C, 0x7743E0EB,
+ 0x4F0CAD56, 0x4BCDA0E1, 0x468EB638, 0x424FBB8F,
+ 0x5C089B8A, 0x58C9963D, 0x558A80E4, 0x514B8D53,
+ 0x25141B9E, 0x21D51629, 0x2C9600F0, 0x28570D47,
+ 0x36102D42, 0x32D120F5, 0x3F92362C, 0x3B533B9B,
+ 0x031C7626, 0x07DD7B91, 0x0A9E6D48, 0x0E5F60FF,
+ 0x101840FA, 0x14D94D4D, 0x199A5B94, 0x1D5B5623,
+ 0xF125760E, 0xF5E47BB9, 0xF8A76D60, 0xFC6660D7,
+ 0xE22140D2, 0xE6E04D65, 0xEBA35BBC, 0xEF62560B,
+ 0xD72D1BB6, 0xD3EC1601, 0xDEAF00D8, 0xDA6E0D6F,
+ 0xC4292D6A, 0xC0E820DD, 0xCDAB3604, 0xC96A3BB3,
+ 0xBD35AD7E, 0xB9F4A0C9, 0xB4B7B610, 0xB076BBA7,
+ 0xAE319BA2, 0xAAF09615, 0xA7B380CC, 0xA3728D7B,
+ 0x9B3DC0C6, 0x9FFCCD71, 0x92BFDBA8, 0x967ED61F,
+ 0x8839F61A, 0x8CF8FBAD, 0x81BBED74, 0x857AE0C3,
+ 0x5D86A099, 0x5947AD2E, 0x5404BBF7, 0x50C5B640,
+ 0x4E829645, 0x4A439BF2, 0x47008D2B, 0x43C1809C,
+ 0x7B8ECD21, 0x7F4FC096, 0x720CD64F, 0x76CDDBF8,
+ 0x688AFBFD, 0x6C4BF64A, 0x6108E093, 0x65C9ED24,
+ 0x11967BE9, 0x1557765E, 0x18146087, 0x1CD56D30,
+ 0x02924D35, 0x06534082, 0x0B10565B, 0x0FD15BEC,
+ 0x379E1651, 0x335F1BE6, 0x3E1C0D3F, 0x3ADD0088,
+ 0x249A208D, 0x205B2D3A, 0x2D183BE3, 0x29D93654,
+ 0xC5A71679, 0xC1661BCE, 0xCC250D17, 0xC8E400A0,
+ 0xD6A320A5, 0xD2622D12, 0xDF213BCB, 0xDBE0367C,
+ 0xE3AF7BC1, 0xE76E7676, 0xEA2D60AF, 0xEEEC6D18,
+ 0xF0AB4D1D, 0xF46A40AA, 0xF9295673, 0xFDE85BC4,
+ 0x89B7CD09, 0x8D76C0BE, 0x8035D667, 0x84F4DBD0,
+ 0x9AB3FBD5, 0x9E72F662, 0x9331E0BB, 0x97F0ED0C,
+ 0xAFBFA0B1, 0xAB7EAD06, 0xA63DBBDF, 0xA2FCB668,
+ 0xBCBB966D, 0xB87A9BDA, 0xB5398D03, 0xB1F880B4,
+};
+
+static uint32_t boot_crc(uint8_t *buf, int size)
+{
+ uint32_t crc = 0;
+ for(int i = 0; i < size; i++)
+ crc = boot_crc_table[buf[i] ^ (crc >> 24)] ^ (crc << 8);
+ return crc;
+}
+
+wchar_t *from_uni16(uint16_t *str)
+{
+ static wchar_t buffer[64];
+ int i = 0;
+ while(str[i])
+ {
+ buffer[i] = str[i];
+ i++;
+ }
+ return buffer;
+}
+
+static int do_boot_desc(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size,
+ struct rknano_boot_desc_t *desc, int desc_idx)
+{
+ (void) buf;
+ (void) size;
+ cprintf(BLUE, "Desc %d\n", desc_idx);
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Count: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%d\n", desc->count);
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Offset: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%#x\n", desc->offset);
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Stride: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%#x ", desc->stride);
+ if(desc->stride < sizeof(struct rknano_boot_entry_t))
+ cprintf(RED, "(too small <%#lx)\n", sizeof(struct rknano_boot_entry_t));
+ else
+ cprintf(RED, "(OK >=%#lx)\n", sizeof(struct rknano_boot_entry_t));
+
+ for(int i = 0; i < desc->count; i++)
+ {
+ struct rknano_boot_entry_t *entry = (void *)(buf + desc->offset + i * desc->stride);
+ cprintf(BLUE, " Entry %d\n", i);
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Entry size: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%#x ", entry->entry_size);
+ if(desc->stride < sizeof(struct rknano_boot_entry_t))
+ cprintf(RED, "(too small <%#lx)\n", sizeof(struct rknano_boot_entry_t));
+ else
+ cprintf(RED, "(OK >=%#lx)\n", sizeof(struct rknano_boot_entry_t));
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Unk: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%#x\n", entry->unk);
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Name: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%S\n", from_uni16(entry->name));
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Offset: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%#x\n", entry->offset);
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Size: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%#x\n", entry->size);
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Sthg 2: "); cprintf(YELLOW, "%#x\n", entry->sthg2);
+
+ struct rknano_blob_t blob;
+ blob.offset = entry->offset;
+ blob.size = entry->size;
+ char name[128];
+ sprintf(name, "desc_%d_ent_%S_", desc_idx, from_uni16(entry->name));
+ save_blob(&blob, buf, size, name, i, PAGE_ENC);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static int do_boot_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
{
if(sizeof(struct rknano_boot_header_t) != 0x38)
@@ -359,17 +521,28 @@ static int do_boot_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
print("field_E", field_E);
print_arr("field_10", field_10, 5);
print("field_15", field_15);
- print("field_19", field_19);
- print("field_1A", field_1A);
- print_arr("field_1E", field_1E, 2);
- print("field_20", field_20);
- print_arr("field_24", field_24, 2);
- print("field_26", field_26);
- print_arr("field_2A", field_2A, 10);
+ print_arr("field_2A", field_2B, 9);
print("field_34", field_34);
- cprintf(GREEN, "Value: ");
- cprintf(YELLOW, "%#x\n", *(unsigned long *)((uint8_t *)hdr + hdr->field_34 - 10));
+ do_boot_desc(buf, size, &hdr->desc_1, 1);
+ do_boot_desc(buf, size, &hdr->desc_2, 2);
+ do_boot_desc(buf, size, &hdr->desc_4, 4);
+
+ cprintf(BLUE, "Variable Header:\n");
+ cprintf(GREEN, " Value: ");
+ cprintf(YELLOW, "%#lx\n", *(unsigned long *)((uint8_t *)hdr + hdr->field_34 - 10));
+
+ /* The last 4 bytes are a 32-bit CRC */
+ cprintf(BLUE, "Post Header:\n");
+ cprintf(GREEN, " CRC: ");
+ uint32_t crc = *(uint32_t *)(buf + size - 4);
+ uint32_t ccrc = boot_crc(buf, size - 4);
+ cprintf(YELLOW, "%08x ", crc);
+ if(crc == ccrc)
+ cprintf(RED, "OK\n");
+ else
+ cprintf(RED, "Mismatch\n");
+
return 0;
}
@@ -414,12 +587,12 @@ static int do_rkfw_image(uint8_t *buf, unsigned long size)
cprintf(GREEN, " Loader: ");
print_blob_interval(&hdr->loader);
cprintf(OFF, "\n");
- save_blob(&hdr->loader, buf, size, "loader", 0, false);
+ save_blob(&hdr->loader, buf, size, "loader", 0, NO_ENC);
cprintf(GREEN, " Update: ");
print_blob_interval(&hdr->update);
cprintf(OFF, "\n");
- save_blob(&hdr->update, buf, size, "update", 0, false);
+ save_blob(&hdr->update, buf, size, "update", 0, NO_ENC);
print("hdr_size", hdr_size);
print("field_6", field_6);