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authorAmaury Pouly <amaury.pouly@gmail.com>2017-01-03 22:19:24 +0100
committerAmaury Pouly <amaury.pouly@gmail.com>2017-01-07 15:52:33 +0100
commitae84354b4062e4c4ceb3ce402468d6c095a760c2 (patch)
tree892a3d6ad719dc4d45790eba5011b4aa6f7102f8 /utils/scsi
parent1728565e243300b5f50d56399931fa19169031d5 (diff)
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Add multiplatform library for raw SCSI commands
Several tools need to perform raw SCSI commands, and we need to support Linux, Windows and Mac OS, without pulling tons of dependencies to build it easily. This very simple library has no dependency and supports Linux. TODO: - windows - mac os Change-Id: I496f5ad2490bd3e96ad962d31cce4e511a523c3a
Diffstat (limited to 'utils/scsi')
-rw-r--r--utils/scsi/Makefile17
-rw-r--r--utils/scsi/rbscsi.c313
-rw-r--r--utils/scsi/rbscsi.h83
3 files changed, 413 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/utils/scsi/Makefile b/utils/scsi/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..2591bf2416
--- /dev/null
+++ b/utils/scsi/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+PREFIX?=
+CC=$(PREFIX)gcc
+AR=$(PREFIX)ar
+CFLAGS=-g -std=c99 -Wall
+BINS=librbscsi.a
+ARFLAGS=rcs
+
+all: $(BINS)
+
+%.o: %.c
+ $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c -o $@ $<
+
+librbscsi.a: rbscsi.o
+ $(AR) $(ARFLAGS) -o $@ $^
+
+clean:
+ rm -fr *.o $(BINS)
diff --git a/utils/scsi/rbscsi.c b/utils/scsi/rbscsi.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..aa62ba0118
--- /dev/null
+++ b/utils/scsi/rbscsi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,313 @@
+/***************************************************************************
+ * __________ __ ___.
+ * Open \______ \ ____ ____ | | _\_ |__ _______ ___
+ * Source | _// _ \_/ ___\| |/ /| __ \ / _ \ \/ /
+ * Jukebox | | ( <_> ) \___| < | \_\ ( <_> > < <
+ * Firmware |____|_ /\____/ \___ >__|_ \|___ /\____/__/\_ \
+ * \/ \/ \/ \/ \/
+ * $Id$
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 by Amaury Pouly
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
+ * KIND, either express or implied.
+ *
+ ****************************************************************************/
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include "rbscsi.h"
+
+static void misc_std_printf(void *user, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ (void) user;
+ va_list args;
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ vprintf(fmt, args);
+ va_end(args);
+}
+
+#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__)
+#define RB_SCSI_WINDOWS
+#include <windows.h>
+#include <ntddscsi.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+typedef HANDLE rb_scsi_handle_t;
+#elif defined(__linux) || defined(__linux__) || defined(linux)
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <scsi/sg.h>
+#include <scsi/sg_lib.h>
+#include <scsi/sg_io_linux.h>
+#define RB_SCSI_LINUX
+typedef int rb_scsi_handle_t;
+#else
+typedef void *rb_scsi_handle_t;
+#endif
+
+struct rb_scsi_device_t
+{
+ rb_scsi_handle_t handle;
+ void *user;
+ rb_scsi_printf_t printf;
+ unsigned flags;
+};
+
+/* Linux */
+#ifdef RB_SCSI_LINUX
+rb_scsi_device_t rb_scsi_open(const char *path, unsigned flags, void *user,
+ rb_scsi_printf_t printf)
+{
+ if(printf == NULL)
+ printf = misc_std_printf;
+ int fd = open(path, (flags & RB_SCSI_READ_ONLY) ? O_RDONLY : O_RDWR);
+ if(fd < 0)
+ {
+ if(flags & RB_SCSI_DEBUG)
+ printf(user, "rb_scsi: open failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ rb_scsi_device_t dev = malloc(sizeof(struct rb_scsi_device_t));
+ dev->flags = flags;
+ dev->handle = fd;
+ dev->user = user;
+ dev->printf = printf ? printf : misc_std_printf;
+ return dev;
+}
+
+int rb_scsi_raw_xfer(rb_scsi_device_t dev, struct rb_scsi_raw_cmd_t *raw)
+{
+#define rb_printf(...) \
+ do{ if(dev->flags & RB_SCSI_DEBUG) dev->printf(dev->user, __VA_ARGS__); }while(0)
+ sg_io_hdr_t hdr;
+ memset(&hdr, 0, sizeof(hdr));
+ /* prepare transfer descriptor */
+ hdr.interface_id = 'S';
+ switch(raw->dir)
+ {
+ case RB_SCSI_NONE: hdr.dxfer_direction = SG_DXFER_NONE; break;
+ case RB_SCSI_READ: hdr.dxfer_direction = SG_DXFER_FROM_DEV; break;
+ case RB_SCSI_WRITE: hdr.dxfer_direction = SG_DXFER_TO_DEV; break;
+ default: rb_printf("rb_scsi: invalid direction"); return -1;
+ }
+ hdr.cmd_len = raw->cdb_len;
+ hdr.mx_sb_len = raw->sense_len;
+ hdr.dxfer_len = raw->buf_len;
+ hdr.dxferp = raw->buf;
+ hdr.cmdp = raw->cdb;
+ hdr.sbp = raw->sense;
+ hdr.timeout = raw->tmo * 1000;
+ hdr.flags = SG_FLAG_LUN_INHIBIT;
+ /* do raw command */
+ if(ioctl(dev->handle, SG_IO, &hdr) < 0)
+ {
+ raw->status = errno;
+ rb_printf("rb_scsi: ioctl failed: %s\n", strerror(raw->status));
+ return RB_SCSI_OS_ERROR;
+ }
+ /* error handling is weird: host status has the priority */
+ if(hdr.host_status)
+ {
+ rb_printf("rb_scsi: host error: %d\n", hdr.host_status);
+ raw->status = hdr.host_status;
+ return RB_SCSI_ERROR;
+ }
+ raw->status = hdr.status & 0x7e;
+ raw->buf_len -= hdr.resid;
+ raw->sense_len = hdr.sb_len_wr;
+ /* driver error can report sense */
+ if((hdr.driver_status & 0xf) == DRIVER_SENSE)
+ {
+ rb_printf("rb_scsi: driver status reported sense\n");
+ return RB_SCSI_SENSE;
+ }
+ /* otherwise errors */
+ if(hdr.driver_status)
+ {
+ rb_printf("rb_scsi: driver error: %d\n", hdr.driver_status);
+ return RB_SCSI_ERROR;
+ }
+ /* scsi status can imply sense */
+ if(raw->status == RB_SCSI_CHECK_CONDITION || raw->status == RB_SCSI_COMMAND_TERMINATED)
+ return RB_SCSI_SENSE;
+ return raw->status ? RB_SCSI_STATUS : RB_SCSI_OK;
+#undef rb_printf
+}
+
+void rb_scsi_close(rb_scsi_device_t dev)
+{
+ close(dev->handle);
+ free(dev);
+}
+
+/* Windpws */
+#elif defined(RB_SCSI_WINDOWS)
+rb_scsi_device_t rb_scsi_open(const char *path, unsigned flags, void *user,
+ rb_scsi_printf_t printf)
+{
+ if(printf == NULL)
+ printf = misc_std_printf;
+ HANDLE h = CreateFileA(path, GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE,
+ NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_FLAG_WRITE_THROUGH | FILE_FLAG_NO_BUFFERING, NULL);
+ if(h == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
+ {
+ if(flags & RB_SCSI_DEBUG)
+ {
+ LPSTR msg = NULL;
+ FormatMessageA(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER | FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM,
+ NULL, GetLastError(), MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT), (LPSTR)&msg, 0, NULL);
+ printf(user, "rb_scsi: open failed: %s\n", msg);
+ LocalFree(msg);
+ }
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ rb_scsi_device_t dev = malloc(sizeof(struct rb_scsi_device_t));
+ dev->flags = flags;
+ dev->handle = h;
+ dev->user = user;
+ dev->printf = printf ? printf : misc_std_printf;
+ return dev;
+}
+
+int rb_scsi_raw_xfer(rb_scsi_device_t dev, struct rb_scsi_raw_cmd_t *raw)
+{
+#define rb_printf(...) \
+ do{ if(dev->flags & RB_SCSI_DEBUG) dev->printf(dev->user, __VA_ARGS__); }while(0)
+ /* we need to allocate memory for SCSI_PASS_THROUGH_WITH_BUFFERS and the
+ * data and sense */
+ DWORD length = sizeof(SCSI_PASS_THROUGH) + raw->buf_len + raw->sense_len;
+ DWORD returned = 0;
+ SCSI_PASS_THROUGH *spt = malloc(length);
+ memset(spt, 0, length);
+ spt->Length = sizeof(SCSI_PASS_THROUGH);
+ spt->PathId = 0;
+ spt->TargetId = 0;
+ spt->Lun = 0;
+ spt->CdbLength = raw->cdb_len;
+ memcpy(spt->Cdb, raw->cdb, raw->cdb_len);
+ spt->SenseInfoLength = raw->sense_len;
+ spt->SenseInfoOffset = spt->Length; /* Sense after header */
+ switch(raw->dir)
+ {
+ case RB_SCSI_NONE: spt->DataIn = SCSI_IOCTL_DATA_UNSPECIFIED; break;
+ case RB_SCSI_READ: spt->DataIn = SCSI_IOCTL_DATA_IN; break;
+ case RB_SCSI_WRITE: spt->DataIn = SCSI_IOCTL_DATA_OUT; break;
+ default:
+ free(spt);
+ rb_printf("rb_scsi: invalid direction"); return -1;
+ }
+ spt->DataTransferLength = raw->buf_len;
+ spt->DataBufferOffset = spt->SenseInfoOffset + spt->SenseInfoLength; /* Data after Sense */
+ spt->TimeOutValue = raw->tmo;
+ /* on write, copy data to buffer */
+ if(raw->dir == RB_SCSI_WRITE)
+ memcpy((BYTE *)spt + spt->DataBufferOffset, raw->buf, raw->buf_len);
+ BOOL status = DeviceIoControl(dev->handle, IOCTL_SCSI_PASS_THROUGH,
+ spt, length, spt, length, &returned, FALSE);
+ if(!status)
+ {
+ if(dev->flags & RB_SCSI_DEBUG)
+ {
+ LPSTR msg = NULL;
+ FormatMessageA(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER | FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM,
+ NULL, GetLastError(), MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT), (LPSTR)&msg, 0, NULL);
+ printf(dev->user, "rb_scsi: ioctl failed: %s\n", msg);
+ LocalFree(msg);
+ }
+ free(spt);
+ return RB_SCSI_OS_ERROR;
+ }
+ /* on read, copy data from buffer */
+ if(raw->dir == RB_SCSI_READ)
+ {
+ raw->buf_len = spt->DataTransferLength;
+ memcpy(raw->buf, (BYTE *)spt + spt->DataBufferOffset, raw->buf_len);
+ }
+ /* check status */
+ raw->status = spt->ScsiStatus;
+ if(raw->status == RB_SCSI_CHECK_CONDITION || raw->status == RB_SCSI_COMMAND_TERMINATED)
+ {
+ memcpy(raw->sense, (BYTE *)spt + spt->SenseInfoOffset, raw->sense_len);
+ free(spt);
+ return RB_SCSI_SENSE;
+ }
+ else
+ raw->sense_len = 0;
+ free(spt);
+ return raw->status ? RB_SCSI_STATUS : RB_SCSI_OK;
+#undef rb_printf
+}
+
+void rb_scsi_close(rb_scsi_device_t dev)
+{
+ CloseHandle(dev->handle);
+ free(dev);
+}
+
+/* other targets */
+#else
+rb_scsi_device_t rb_scsi_open(const char *path, unsigned flags, void *user,
+ rb_scsi_printf_t printf)
+{
+ if(printf == NULL)
+ printf = misc_std_printf;
+ (void) path;
+ if(flags & RB_SCSI_DEBUG)
+ printf(user, "rb_scsi: unimplemented on this platform\n");
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+int rb_scsi_raw_xfer(rb_scsi_device_t dev, struct rb_scsi_raw_cmd_t *raw)
+{
+ return RB_SCSI_ERROR;
+}
+
+void rb_scsi_close(rb_scsi_device_t dev)
+{
+ free(dev);
+}
+#endif
+
+void rb_scsi_decode_sense(rb_scsi_device_t dev, void *_sense, int sense_len)
+{
+#define rb_printf(...) \
+ do{ if(dev->flags & RB_SCSI_DEBUG) dev->printf(dev->user, __VA_ARGS__); }while(0)
+
+ uint8_t *sense = _sense;
+ uint8_t type = sense[0] & 0x7f;
+ switch(type)
+ {
+ case 0x70: case 0x73: rb_printf("Current sense: "); break;
+ case 0x71: case 0x72: rb_printf("Previous sense: "); break;
+ default: rb_printf("Unknown sense\n"); return;
+ }
+ unsigned key = sense[2] & 0xf;
+ switch(key)
+ {
+ case 0: rb_printf("no sense"); break;
+ case 1: rb_printf("recovered error"); break;
+ case 2: rb_printf("not ready"); break;
+ case 3: rb_printf("medium error"); break;
+ case 4: rb_printf("hardware error"); break;
+ case 5: rb_printf("illegal request"); break;
+ case 6: rb_printf("unit attention"); break;
+ case 7: rb_printf("data protect"); break;
+ case 8: rb_printf("blank check"); break;
+ case 9: rb_printf("vendor specific"); break;
+ case 10: rb_printf("copy aborted"); break;
+ case 11: rb_printf("aborted command"); break;
+ default: rb_printf("unknown key"); break;
+ }
+ rb_printf("\n");
+
+#undef rb_printf
+}
diff --git a/utils/scsi/rbscsi.h b/utils/scsi/rbscsi.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..2b56aabad2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/utils/scsi/rbscsi.h
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+/***************************************************************************
+ * __________ __ ___.
+ * Open \______ \ ____ ____ | | _\_ |__ _______ ___
+ * Source | _// _ \_/ ___\| |/ /| __ \ / _ \ \/ /
+ * Jukebox | | ( <_> ) \___| < | \_\ ( <_> > < <
+ * Firmware |____|_ /\____/ \___ >__|_ \|___ /\____/__/\_ \
+ * \/ \/ \/ \/ \/
+ * $Id$
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 by Amaury Pouly
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
+ * KIND, either express or implied.
+ *
+ ****************************************************************************/
+#ifndef __RB_SCSI_H__
+#define __RB_SCSI_H__
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+extern "C" {
+#endif
+
+struct rb_scsi_device_t;
+typedef struct rb_scsi_device_t *rb_scsi_device_t;
+
+typedef void (*rb_scsi_printf_t)(void *user, const char *fmt, ...);
+
+/* flags for rb_scsi_open */
+#define RB_SCSI_READ_ONLY (1 << 0)
+#define RB_SCSI_DEBUG (1 << 1)
+
+/* transfer direction */
+#define RB_SCSI_NONE 0
+#define RB_SCSI_READ 1
+#define RB_SCSI_WRITE 2
+
+/* most common status */
+#define RB_SCSI_GOOD 0
+#define RB_SCSI_CHECK_CONDITION 2
+#define RB_SCSI_COMMAND_TERMINATED 0x22
+
+/* return codes */
+#define RB_SCSI_OK 0 /* Everything worked */
+#define RB_SCSI_STATUS 1 /* Device returned an error in status */
+#define RB_SCSI_SENSE 2 /* Device returned sense data */
+#define RB_SCSI_OS_ERROR 3 /* Transfer failed, got OS error */
+#define RB_SCSI_ERROR 4 /* Transfer failed, got transfer/host error */
+
+/* structure for raw transfers */
+struct rb_scsi_raw_cmd_t
+{
+ int dir; /* direction: none, read or write */
+ int cdb_len; /* command buffer length */
+ void *cdb; /* command buffer */
+ int buf_len; /* data buffer length (will be overwritten with actual count) */
+ void *buf; /* buffer */
+ int sense_len; /* sense buffer length (will be overwritten with actual count) */
+ void *sense; /* sense buffer */
+ int tmo; /* timeout (in seconds) */
+ int status; /* status returned by device (STATUS) or errno (OS_ERROR) or other error (ERROR) */
+};
+
+/* open a device, returns a handle or NULL on error
+ * the caller can optionally provide an error printing function */
+rb_scsi_device_t rb_scsi_open(const char *path, unsigned flags, void *user,
+ rb_scsi_printf_t printf);
+/* performs a raw transfer, returns !=0 on error */
+int rb_scsi_raw_xfer(rb_scsi_device_t dev, struct rb_scsi_raw_cmd_t *raw);
+/* decode sense and print information if debug flag is set */
+void rb_scsi_decode_sense(rb_scsi_device_t dev, void *sense, int sense_len);
+/* close a device */
+void rb_scsi_close(rb_scsi_device_t dev);
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+}
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __RB_SCSI_H__ */