summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/apps/plugins/lua/lgc.c
blob: e909c79a9696dd316aba56af686725b724189497 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
/*
** $Id: lgc.c,v 2.38.1.2 2011/03/18 18:05:38 roberto Exp $
** Garbage Collector
** See Copyright Notice in lua.h
*/

#include <string.h>

#define lgc_c
#define LUA_CORE

#include "lua.h"

#include "ldebug.h"
#include "ldo.h"
#include "lfunc.h"
#include "lgc.h"
#include "lmem.h"
#include "lobject.h"
#include "lstate.h"
#include "lstring.h"
#include "ltable.h"
#include "ltm.h"


#define GCSTEPSIZE	1024u
#define GCSWEEPMAX	40
#define GCSWEEPCOST	10
#define GCFINALIZECOST	100


#define maskmarks	cast_byte(~(bitmask(BLACKBIT)|WHITEBITS))

#define makewhite(g,x)	\
   ((x)->gch.marked = cast_byte(((x)->gch.marked & maskmarks) | luaC_white(g)))

#define white2gray(x)	reset2bits((x)->gch.marked, WHITE0BIT, WHITE1BIT)
#define black2gray(x)	resetbit((x)->gch.marked, BLACKBIT)

#define stringmark(s)	reset2bits((s)->tsv.marked, WHITE0BIT, WHITE1BIT)


#define isfinalized(u)		testbit((u)->marked, FINALIZEDBIT)
#define markfinalized(u)	l_setbit((u)->marked, FINALIZEDBIT)


#define KEYWEAK         bitmask(KEYWEAKBIT)
#define VALUEWEAK       bitmask(VALUEWEAKBIT)



#define markvalue(g,o) { checkconsistency(o); \
  if (iscollectable(o) && iswhite(gcvalue(o))) reallymarkobject(g,gcvalue(o)); }

#define markobject(g,t) { if (iswhite(obj2gco(t))) \
		reallymarkobject(g, obj2gco(t)); }


#define setthreshold(g)  (g->GCthreshold = (g->estimate/100) * g->gcpause)


static void removeentry (Node *n) {
  lua_assert(ttisnil(gval(n)));
  if (iscollectable(gkey(n)))
    setttype(gkey(n), LUA_TDEADKEY);  /* dead key; remove it */
}


static void reallymarkobject (global_State *g, GCObject *o) {
  lua_assert(iswhite(o) && !isdead(g, o));
  white2gray(o);
  switch (o->gch.tt) {
    case LUA_TSTRING: {
      return;
    }
    case LUA_TUSERDATA: {
      Table *mt = gco2u(o)->metatable;
      gray2black(o);  /* udata are never gray */
      if (mt) markobject(g, mt);
      markobject(g, gco2u(o)->env);
      return;
    }
    case LUA_TUPVAL: {
      UpVal *uv = gco2uv(o);
      markvalue(g, uv->v);
      if (uv->v == &uv->u.value)  /* closed? */
        gray2black(o);  /* open upvalues are never black */
      return;
    }
    case LUA_TFUNCTION: {
      gco2cl(o)->c.gclist = g->gray;
      g->gray = o;
      break;
    }
    case LUA_TTABLE: {
      gco2h(o)->gclist = g->gray;
      g->gray = o;
      break;
    }
    case LUA_TTHREAD: {
      gco2th(o)->gclist = g->gray;
      g->gray = o;
      break;
    }
    case LUA_TPROTO: {
      gco2p(o)->gclist = g->gray;
      g->gray = o;
      break;
    }
    default: lua_assert(0);
  }
}


static void marktmu (global_State *g) {
  GCObject *u = g->tmudata;
  if (u) {
    do {
      u = u->gch.next;
      makewhite(g, u);  /* may be marked, if left from previous GC */
      reallymarkobject(g, u);
    } while (u != g->tmudata);
  }
}


/* move `dead' udata that need finalization to list `tmudata' */
size_t luaC_separateudata (lua_State *L, int all) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  size_t deadmem = 0;
  GCObject **p = &g->mainthread->next;
  GCObject *curr;
  while ((curr = *p) != NULL) {
    if (!(iswhite(curr) || all) || isfinalized(gco2u(curr)))
      p = &curr->gch.next;  /* don't bother with them */
    else if (fasttm(L, gco2u(curr)->metatable, TM_GC) == NULL) {
      markfinalized(gco2u(curr));  /* don't need finalization */
      p = &curr->gch.next;
    }
    else {  /* must call its gc method */
      deadmem += sizeudata(gco2u(curr));
      markfinalized(gco2u(curr));
      *p = curr->gch.next;
      /* link `curr' at the end of `tmudata' list */
      if (g->tmudata == NULL)  /* list is empty? */
        g->tmudata = curr->gch.next = curr;  /* creates a circular list */
      else {
        curr->gch.next = g->tmudata->gch.next;
        g->tmudata->gch.next = curr;
        g->tmudata = curr;
      }
    }
  }
  return deadmem;
}


static int traversetable (global_State *g, Table *h) {
  int i;
  int weakkey = 0;
  int weakvalue = 0;
  const TValue *mode;
  if (h->metatable)
    markobject(g, h->metatable);
  mode = gfasttm(g, h->metatable, TM_MODE);
  if (mode && ttisstring(mode)) {  /* is there a weak mode? */
    weakkey = (strchr(svalue(mode), 'k') != NULL);
    weakvalue = (strchr(svalue(mode), 'v') != NULL);
    if (weakkey || weakvalue) {  /* is really weak? */
      h->marked &= ~(KEYWEAK | VALUEWEAK);  /* clear bits */
      h->marked |= cast_byte((weakkey << KEYWEAKBIT) |
                             (weakvalue << VALUEWEAKBIT));
      h->gclist = g->weak;  /* must be cleared after GC, ... */
      g->weak = obj2gco(h);  /* ... so put in the appropriate list */
    }
  }
  if (weakkey && weakvalue) return 1;
  if (!weakvalue) {
    i = h->sizearray;
    while (i--)
      markvalue(g, &h->array[i]);
  }
  i = sizenode(h);
  while (i--) {
    Node *n = gnode(h, i);
    lua_assert(ttype(gkey(n)) != LUA_TDEADKEY || ttisnil(gval(n)));
    if (ttisnil(gval(n)))
      removeentry(n);  /* remove empty entries */
    else {
      lua_assert(!ttisnil(gkey(n)));
      if (!weakkey) markvalue(g, gkey(n));
      if (!weakvalue) markvalue(g, gval(n));
    }
  }
  return weakkey || weakvalue;
}


/*
** All marks are conditional because a GC may happen while the
** prototype is still being created
*/
static void traverseproto (global_State *g, Proto *f) {
  int i;
  if (f->source) stringmark(f->source);
  for (i=0; i<f->sizek; i++)  /* mark literals */
    markvalue(g, &f->k[i]);
  for (i=0; i<f->sizeupvalues; i++) {  /* mark upvalue names */
    if (f->upvalues[i])
      stringmark(f->upvalues[i]);
  }
  for (i=0; i<f->sizep; i++) {  /* mark nested protos */
    if (f->p[i])
      markobject(g, f->p[i]);
  }
  for (i=0; i<f->sizelocvars; i++) {  /* mark local-variable names */
    if (f->locvars[i].varname)
      stringmark(f->locvars[i].varname);
  }
}



static void traverseclosure (global_State *g, Closure *cl) {
  markobject(g, cl->c.env);
  if (cl->c.isC) {
    int i;
    for (i=0; i<cl->c.nupvalues; i++)  /* mark its upvalues */
      markvalue(g, &cl->c.upvalue[i]);
  }
  else {
    int i;
    lua_assert(cl->l.nupvalues == cl->l.p->nups);
    markobject(g, cl->l.p);
    for (i=0; i<cl->l.nupvalues; i++)  /* mark its upvalues */
      markobject(g, cl->l.upvals[i]);
  }
}


static void checkstacksizes (lua_State *L, StkId max) {
  int ci_used = cast_int(L->ci - L->base_ci);  /* number of `ci' in use */
  int s_used = cast_int(max - L->stack);  /* part of stack in use */
  if (L->size_ci > LUAI_MAXCALLS)  /* handling overflow? */
    return;  /* do not touch the stacks */
  if (4*ci_used < L->size_ci && 2*BASIC_CI_SIZE < L->size_ci)
    luaD_reallocCI(L, L->size_ci/2);  /* still big enough... */
  condhardstacktests(luaD_reallocCI(L, ci_used + 1));
  if (4*s_used < L->stacksize &&
      2*(BASIC_STACK_SIZE+EXTRA_STACK) < L->stacksize)
    luaD_reallocstack(L, L->stacksize/2);  /* still big enough... */
  condhardstacktests(luaD_reallocstack(L, s_used));
}


static void traversestack (global_State *g, lua_State *l) {
  StkId o, lim;
  CallInfo *ci;
  markvalue(g, gt(l));
  lim = l->top;
  for (ci = l->base_ci; ci <= l->ci; ci++) {
    lua_assert(ci->top <= l->stack_last);
    if (lim < ci->top) lim = ci->top;
  }
  for (o = l->stack; o < l->top; o++)
    markvalue(g, o);
  for (; o <= lim; o++)
    setnilvalue(o);
  checkstacksizes(l, lim);
}


/*
** traverse one gray object, turning it to black.
** Returns `quantity' traversed.
*/
static l_mem propagatemark (global_State *g) {
  GCObject *o = g->gray;
  lua_assert(isgray(o));
  gray2black(o);
  switch (o->gch.tt) {
    case LUA_TTABLE: {
      Table *h = gco2h(o);
      g->gray = h->gclist;
      if (traversetable(g, h))  /* table is weak? */
        black2gray(o);  /* keep it gray */
      return sizeof(Table) + sizeof(TValue) * h->sizearray +
                             sizeof(Node) * sizenode(h);
    }
    case LUA_TFUNCTION: {
      Closure *cl = gco2cl(o);
      g->gray = cl->c.gclist;
      traverseclosure(g, cl);
      return (cl->c.isC) ? sizeCclosure(cl->c.nupvalues) :
                           sizeLclosure(cl->l.nupvalues);
    }
    case LUA_TTHREAD: {
      lua_State *th = gco2th(o);
      g->gray = th->gclist;
      th->gclist = g->grayagain;
      g->grayagain = o;
      black2gray(o);
      traversestack(g, th);
      return sizeof(lua_State) + sizeof(TValue) * th->stacksize +
                                 sizeof(CallInfo) * th->size_ci;
    }
    case LUA_TPROTO: {
      Proto *p = gco2p(o);
      g->gray = p->gclist;
      traverseproto(g, p);
      return sizeof(Proto) + sizeof(Instruction) * p->sizecode +
                             sizeof(Proto *) * p->sizep +
                             sizeof(TValue) * p->sizek + 
                             sizeof(int) * p->sizelineinfo +
                             sizeof(LocVar) * p->sizelocvars +
                             sizeof(TString *) * p->sizeupvalues;
    }
    default: lua_assert(0); return 0;
  }
}


static size_t propagateall (global_State *g) {
  size_t m = 0;
  while (g->gray) m += propagatemark(g);
  return m;
}


/*
** The next function tells whether a key or value can be cleared from
** a weak table. Non-collectable objects are never removed from weak
** tables. Strings behave as `values', so are never removed too. for
** other objects: if really collected, cannot keep them; for userdata
** being finalized, keep them in keys, but not in values
*/
static int iscleared (const TValue *o, int iskey) {
  if (!iscollectable(o)) return 0;
  if (ttisstring(o)) {
    stringmark(rawtsvalue(o));  /* strings are `values', so are never weak */
    return 0;
  }
  return iswhite(gcvalue(o)) ||
    (ttisuserdata(o) && (!iskey && isfinalized(uvalue(o))));
}


/*
** clear collected entries from weaktables
*/
static void cleartable (GCObject *l) {
  while (l) {
    Table *h = gco2h(l);
    int i = h->sizearray;
    lua_assert(testbit(h->marked, VALUEWEAKBIT) ||
               testbit(h->marked, KEYWEAKBIT));
    if (testbit(h->marked, VALUEWEAKBIT)) {
      while (i--) {
        TValue *o = &h->array[i];
        if (iscleared(o, 0))  /* value was collected? */
          setnilvalue(o);  /* remove value */
      }
    }
    i = sizenode(h);
    while (i--) {
      Node *n = gnode(h, i);
      if (!ttisnil(gval(n)) &&  /* non-empty entry? */
          (iscleared(key2tval(n), 1) || iscleared(gval(n), 0))) {
        setnilvalue(gval(n));  /* remove value ... */
        removeentry(n);  /* remove entry from table */
      }
    }
    l = h->gclist;
  }
}


static void freeobj (lua_State *L, GCObject *o) {
  switch (o->gch.tt) {
    case LUA_TPROTO: luaF_freeproto(L, gco2p(o)); break;
    case LUA_TFUNCTION: luaF_freeclosure(L, gco2cl(o)); break;
    case LUA_TUPVAL: luaF_freeupval(L, gco2uv(o)); break;
    case LUA_TTABLE: luaH_free(L, gco2h(o)); break;
    case LUA_TTHREAD: {
      lua_assert(gco2th(o) != L && gco2th(o) != G(L)->mainthread);
      luaE_freethread(L, gco2th(o));
      break;
    }
    case LUA_TSTRING: {
      G(L)->strt.nuse--;
      luaM_freemem(L, o, sizestring(gco2ts(o)));
      break;
    }
    case LUA_TUSERDATA: {
      luaM_freemem(L, o, sizeudata(gco2u(o)));
      break;
    }
    default: lua_assert(0);
  }
}



#define sweepwholelist(L,p)	sweeplist(L,p,MAX_LUMEM)


static GCObject **sweeplist (lua_State *L, GCObject **p, lu_mem count) {
  GCObject *curr;
  global_State *g = G(L);
  int deadmask = otherwhite(g);
  while ((curr = *p) != NULL && count-- > 0) {
    if (curr->gch.tt == LUA_TTHREAD)  /* sweep open upvalues of each thread */
      sweepwholelist(L, &gco2th(curr)->openupval);
    if ((curr->gch.marked ^ WHITEBITS) & deadmask) {  /* not dead? */
      lua_assert(!isdead(g, curr) || testbit(curr->gch.marked, FIXEDBIT));
      makewhite(g, curr);  /* make it white (for next cycle) */
      p = &curr->gch.next;
    }
    else {  /* must erase `curr' */
      lua_assert(isdead(g, curr) || deadmask == bitmask(SFIXEDBIT));
      *p = curr->gch.next;
      if (curr == g->rootgc)  /* is the first element of the list? */
        g->rootgc = curr->gch.next;  /* adjust first */
      freeobj(L, curr);
    }
  }
  return p;
}


static void checkSizes (lua_State *L) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  /* check size of string hash */
  if (g->strt.nuse < cast(lu_int32, g->strt.size/4) &&
      g->strt.size > MINSTRTABSIZE*2)
    luaS_resize(L, g->strt.size/2);  /* table is too big */
  /* check size of buffer */
  if (luaZ_sizebuffer(&g->buff) > LUA_MINBUFFER*2) {  /* buffer too big? */
    size_t newsize = luaZ_sizebuffer(&g->buff) / 2;
    luaZ_resizebuffer(L, &g->buff, newsize);
  }
}


static void GCTM (lua_State *L) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  GCObject *o = g->tmudata->gch.next;  /* get first element */
  Udata *udata = rawgco2u(o);
  const TValue *tm;
  /* remove udata from `tmudata' */
  if (o == g->tmudata)  /* last element? */
    g->tmudata = NULL;
  else
    g->tmudata->gch.next = udata->uv.next;
  udata->uv.next = g->mainthread->next;  /* return it to `root' list */
  g->mainthread->next = o;
  makewhite(g, o);
  tm = fasttm(L, udata->uv.metatable, TM_GC);
  if (tm != NULL) {
    lu_byte oldah = L->allowhook;
    lu_mem oldt = g->GCthreshold;
    L->allowhook = 0;  /* stop debug hooks during GC tag method */
    g->GCthreshold = 2*g->totalbytes;  /* avoid GC steps */
    setobj2s(L, L->top, tm);
    setuvalue(L, L->top+1, udata);
    L->top += 2;
    luaD_call(L, L->top - 2, 0);
    L->allowhook = oldah;  /* restore hooks */
    g->GCthreshold = oldt;  /* restore threshold */
  }
}


/*
** Call all GC tag methods
*/
void luaC_callGCTM (lua_State *L) {
  while (G(L)->tmudata)
    GCTM(L);
}


void luaC_freeall (lua_State *L) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  int i;
  g->currentwhite = WHITEBITS | bitmask(SFIXEDBIT);  /* mask to collect all elements */
  sweepwholelist(L, &g->rootgc);
  for (i = 0; i < g->strt.size; i++)  /* free all string lists */
    sweepwholelist(L, &g->strt.hash[i]);
}


static void markmt (global_State *g) {
  int i;
  for (i=0; i<NUM_TAGS; i++)
    if (g->mt[i]) markobject(g, g->mt[i]);
}


/* mark root set */
static void markroot (lua_State *L) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  g->gray = NULL;
  g->grayagain = NULL;
  g->weak = NULL;
  markobject(g, g->mainthread);
  /* make global table be traversed before main stack */
  markvalue(g, gt(g->mainthread));
  markvalue(g, registry(L));
  markmt(g);
  g->gcstate = GCSpropagate;
}


static void remarkupvals (global_State *g) {
  UpVal *uv;
  for (uv = g->uvhead.u.l.next; uv != &g->uvhead; uv = uv->u.l.next) {
    lua_assert(uv->u.l.next->u.l.prev == uv && uv->u.l.prev->u.l.next == uv);
    if (isgray(obj2gco(uv)))
      markvalue(g, uv->v);
  }
}


static void atomic (lua_State *L) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  size_t udsize;  /* total size of userdata to be finalized */
  /* remark occasional upvalues of (maybe) dead threads */
  remarkupvals(g);
  /* traverse objects cautch by write barrier and by 'remarkupvals' */
  propagateall(g);
  /* remark weak tables */
  g->gray = g->weak;
  g->weak = NULL;
  lua_assert(!iswhite(obj2gco(g->mainthread)));
  markobject(g, L);  /* mark running thread */
  markmt(g);  /* mark basic metatables (again) */
  propagateall(g);
  /* remark gray again */
  g->gray = g->grayagain;
  g->grayagain = NULL;
  propagateall(g);
  udsize = luaC_separateudata(L, 0);  /* separate userdata to be finalized */
  marktmu(g);  /* mark `preserved' userdata */
  udsize += propagateall(g);  /* remark, to propagate `preserveness' */
  cleartable(g->weak);  /* remove collected objects from weak tables */
  /* flip current white */
  g->currentwhite = cast_byte(otherwhite(g));
  g->sweepstrgc = 0;
  g->sweepgc = &g->rootgc;
  g->gcstate = GCSsweepstring;
  g->estimate = g->totalbytes - udsize;  /* first estimate */
}


static l_mem singlestep (lua_State *L) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  /*lua_checkmemory(L);*/
  switch (g->gcstate) {
    case GCSpause: {
      markroot(L);  /* start a new collection */
      return 0;
    }
    case GCSpropagate: {
      if (g->gray)
        return propagatemark(g);
      else {  /* no more `gray' objects */
        atomic(L);  /* finish mark phase */
        return 0;
      }
    }
    case GCSsweepstring: {
      lu_mem old = g->totalbytes;
      sweepwholelist(L, &g->strt.hash[g->sweepstrgc++]);
      if (g->sweepstrgc >= g->strt.size)  /* nothing more to sweep? */
        g->gcstate = GCSsweep;  /* end sweep-string phase */
      lua_assert(old >= g->totalbytes);
      g->estimate -= old - g->totalbytes;
      return GCSWEEPCOST;
    }
    case GCSsweep: {
      lu_mem old = g->totalbytes;
      g->sweepgc = sweeplist(L, g->sweepgc, GCSWEEPMAX);
      if (*g->sweepgc == NULL) {  /* nothing more to sweep? */
        checkSizes(L);
        g->gcstate = GCSfinalize;  /* end sweep phase */
      }
      lua_assert(old >= g->totalbytes);
      g->estimate -= old - g->totalbytes;
      return GCSWEEPMAX*GCSWEEPCOST;
    }
    case GCSfinalize: {
      if (g->tmudata) {
        GCTM(L);
        if (g->estimate > GCFINALIZECOST)
          g->estimate -= GCFINALIZECOST;
        return GCFINALIZECOST;
      }
      else {
        g->gcstate = GCSpause;  /* end collection */
        g->gcdept = 0;
        return 0;
      }
    }
    default: lua_assert(0); return 0;
  }
}


void luaC_step (lua_State *L) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  l_mem lim = (GCSTEPSIZE/100) * g->gcstepmul;
  if (lim == 0)
    lim = (MAX_LUMEM-1)/2;  /* no limit */
  g->gcdept += g->totalbytes - g->GCthreshold;
  do {
    lim -= singlestep(L);
    if (g->gcstate == GCSpause)
      break;
  } while (lim > 0);
  if (g->gcstate != GCSpause) {
    if (g->gcdept < GCSTEPSIZE)
      g->GCthreshold = g->totalbytes + GCSTEPSIZE;  /* - lim/g->gcstepmul;*/
    else {
      g->gcdept -= GCSTEPSIZE;
      g->GCthreshold = g->totalbytes;
    }
  }
  else {
    setthreshold(g);
  }
}


void luaC_fullgc (lua_State *L) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  if (g->gcstate <= GCSpropagate) {
    /* reset sweep marks to sweep all elements (returning them to white) */
    g->sweepstrgc = 0;
    g->sweepgc = &g->rootgc;
    /* reset other collector lists */
    g->gray = NULL;
    g->grayagain = NULL;
    g->weak = NULL;
    g->gcstate = GCSsweepstring;
  }
  lua_assert(g->gcstate != GCSpause && g->gcstate != GCSpropagate);
  /* finish any pending sweep phase */
  while (g->gcstate != GCSfinalize) {
    lua_assert(g->gcstate == GCSsweepstring || g->gcstate == GCSsweep);
    singlestep(L);
  }
  markroot(L);
  while (g->gcstate != GCSpause) {
    singlestep(L);
  }
  setthreshold(g);
}


void luaC_barrierf (lua_State *L, GCObject *o, GCObject *v) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  lua_assert(isblack(o) && iswhite(v) && !isdead(g, v) && !isdead(g, o));
  lua_assert(g->gcstate != GCSfinalize && g->gcstate != GCSpause);
  lua_assert(ttype(&o->gch) != LUA_TTABLE);
  /* must keep invariant? */
  if (g->gcstate == GCSpropagate)
    reallymarkobject(g, v);  /* restore invariant */
  else  /* don't mind */
    makewhite(g, o);  /* mark as white just to avoid other barriers */
}


void luaC_barrierback (lua_State *L, Table *t) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  GCObject *o = obj2gco(t);
  lua_assert(isblack(o) && !isdead(g, o));
  lua_assert(g->gcstate != GCSfinalize && g->gcstate != GCSpause);
  black2gray(o);  /* make table gray (again) */
  t->gclist = g->grayagain;
  g->grayagain = o;
}


void luaC_link (lua_State *L, GCObject *o, lu_byte tt) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  o->gch.next = g->rootgc;
  g->rootgc = o;
  o->gch.marked = luaC_white(g);
  o->gch.tt = tt;
}


void luaC_linkupval (lua_State *L, UpVal *uv) {
  global_State *g = G(L);
  GCObject *o = obj2gco(uv);
  o->gch.next = g->rootgc;  /* link upvalue into `rootgc' list */
  g->rootgc = o;
  if (isgray(o)) { 
    if (g->gcstate == GCSpropagate) {
      gray2black(o);  /* closed upvalues need barrier */
      luaC_barrier(L, uv, uv->v);
    }
    else {  /* sweep phase: sweep it (turning it into white) */
      makewhite(g, o);
      lua_assert(g->gcstate != GCSfinalize && g->gcstate != GCSpause);
    }
  }
}