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path: root/apps/plugins/pdbox/PDa/src/d_soundfile.c
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/* Copyright (c) 1997-1999 Miller Puckette.
* For information on usage and redistribution, and for a DISCLAIMER OF ALL
* WARRANTIES, see the file, "LICENSE.txt," in this distribution.  */

/* this file contains, first, a collection of soundfile access routines, a
sort of soundfile library.  Second, the "soundfiler" object is defined which
uses the routines to read or write soundfiles, synchronously, from garrays.
These operations are not to be done in "real time" as they may have to wait
for disk accesses (even the write routine.)  Finally, the realtime objects
readsf~ and writesf~ are defined which confine disk operations to a separate
thread so that they can be used in real time.  The readsf~ and writesf~
objects use Posix-like threads.  */

#ifdef ROCKBOX
#include "plugin.h"
#include "../../pdbox.h"
#else /* ROCKBOX */
#ifdef UNIX
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#endif
#include <pthread.h>
#ifdef MSW
#include <io.h>
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#endif /* ROCKBOX */

#include "m_pd.h"

#define MAXSFCHANS 64

/***************** soundfile header structures ************************/

typedef unsigned short uint16;
typedef unsigned long uint32;

#define FORMAT_WAVE 0
#define FORMAT_AIFF 1
#define FORMAT_NEXT 2

/* the NeXTStep sound header structure; can be big or little endian  */

typedef struct _nextstep
{
    char ns_fileid[4]; 	    /* magic number '.snd' if file is big-endian */
    uint32 ns_onset; 	    /* byte offset of first sample */
    uint32 ns_length;	    /* length of sound in bytes */
    uint32 ns_format;        /* format; see below */
    uint32 ns_sr;    	    /* sample rate */
    uint32 ns_nchans;	    /* number of channels */
    char ns_info[4];   	    /* comment */
} t_nextstep;

#define NS_FORMAT_LINEAR_16	3
#define NS_FORMAT_LINEAR_24	4
#define NS_FORMAT_FLOAT         6
#define SCALE (1./(1024. * 1024. * 1024. * 2.))

/* the WAVE header.  All Wave files are little endian.  We assume
    the "fmt" chunk comes first which is usually the case but perhaps not
    always; same for AIFF and the "COMM" chunk.   */

typedef unsigned word;
typedef unsigned long dword;

typedef struct _wave
{
    char  w_fileid[4];	    	    /* chunk id 'RIFF'            */
    uint32 w_chunksize;     	    /* chunk size                 */
    char  w_waveid[4];	    	    /* wave chunk id 'WAVE'       */
    char  w_fmtid[4];	    	    /* format chunk id 'fmt '     */
    uint32 w_fmtchunksize;   	    /* format chunk size          */
    uint16  w_fmttag;	    	    /* format tag (WAV_INT etc)   */
    uint16  w_nchannels;    	    /* number of channels         */
    uint32 w_samplespersec;  	    /* sample rate in hz          */
    uint32 w_navgbytespersec; 	    /* average bytes per second   */
    uint16  w_nblockalign;    	    /* number of bytes per frame  */
    uint16  w_nbitspersample; 	    /* number of bits in a sample */
    char  w_datachunkid[4]; 	    /* data chunk id 'data'       */
    uint32 w_datachunksize;         /* length of data chunk       */
} t_wave;

typedef struct _fmt	    /* format chunk */
{
    uint16 f_fmttag;	    	    /* format tag, 1 for PCM      */
    uint16 f_nchannels;    	    /* number of channels         */
    uint32 f_samplespersec;  	    /* sample rate in hz          */
    uint32 f_navgbytespersec; 	    /* average bytes per second   */
    uint16 f_nblockalign;    	    /* number of bytes per frame  */
    uint16 f_nbitspersample; 	    /* number of bits in a sample */
} t_fmt;

typedef struct _wavechunk	    /* ... and the last two items */
{
    char  wc_id[4]; 	    	    /* data chunk id, e.g., 'data' or 'fmt ' */
    uint32 wc_size;         	    /* length of data chunk       */
} t_wavechunk;

#define WAV_INT 1
#define WAV_FLOAT 3

/* the AIFF header.  I'm assuming AIFC is compatible but don't really know
    that. */

typedef struct _datachunk
{
    char  dc_id[4]; 	    	    /* data chunk id 'SSND'       */
    uint32 dc_size;         	    /* length of data chunk       */
} t_datachunk;

typedef struct _comm
{
    uint16 c_nchannels;	            /* number of channels         */
    uint16 c_nframeshi;    	    /* # of sample frames (hi)    */
    uint16 c_nframeslo;    	    /* # of sample frames (lo)    */
    uint16 c_bitspersamp;  	    /* bits per sample            */
    unsigned char c_samprate[10];   /* sample rate, 80-bit float! */
} t_comm;

    /* this version is more convenient for writing them out: */
typedef struct _aiff
{
    char  a_fileid[4];	    	    /* chunk id 'FORM'            */
    uint32 a_chunksize;     	    /* chunk size                 */
    char  a_aiffid[4];	    	    /* aiff chunk id 'AIFF'       */
    char  a_fmtid[4];	    	    /* format chunk id 'COMM'     */
    uint32 a_fmtchunksize;   	    /* format chunk size, 18      */
    uint16 a_nchannels;	            /* number of channels         */
    uint16 a_nframeshi;    	    /* # of sample frames (hi)    */
    uint16 a_nframeslo;    	    /* # of sample frames (lo)    */
    uint16 a_bitspersamp;  	    /* bits per sample            */
    unsigned char a_samprate[10];   /* sample rate, 80-bit float! */
} t_aiff;

#define AIFFHDRSIZE 38	    /* probably not what sizeof() gives */


#define AIFFPLUS (AIFFHDRSIZE + 8)  /* header size including first chunk hdr */

#define WHDR1 sizeof(t_nextstep)
#define WHDR2 (sizeof(t_wave) > WHDR1 ? sizeof (t_wave) : WHDR1)
#define WRITEHDRSIZE (AIFFPLUS > WHDR2 ? AIFFPLUS : WHDR2)

#define READHDRSIZE (16 > WHDR2 + 2 ? 16 : WHDR2 + 2)

#define OBUFSIZE MAXPDSTRING  /* assume MAXPDSTRING is bigger than headers */

#ifdef MSW
#include <fcntl.h>
#define BINCREATE _O_WRONLY | _O_CREAT | _O_TRUNC | _O_BINARY
#else
#define BINCREATE O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC
#endif

/* this routine returns 1 if the high order byte comes at the lower
address on our architecture (big-endianness.).  It's 1 for Motorola,
0 for Intel: */

extern int garray_ambigendian(void);

/* byte swappers */

static uint32 swap4(uint32 n, int doit)
{
    if (doit)
    	return (((n & 0xff) << 24) | ((n & 0xff00) << 8) |
    	    ((n & 0xff0000) >> 8) | ((n & 0xff000000) >> 24));
    else return (n);
}

static uint16 swap2(uint32 n, int doit)
{
    if (doit)
    	return (((n & 0xff) << 8) | ((n & 0xff00) >> 8));
    else return (n);
}

static void swapstring(char *foo, int doit)
{
    if (doit)
    {
    	char a = foo[0], b = foo[1], c = foo[2], d = foo[3];
	foo[0] = d; foo[1] = c; foo[2] = b; foo[3] = a;
    }
}

/******************** soundfile access routines **********************/

/* This routine opens a file, looks for either a nextstep or "wave" header,
* seeks to end of it, and fills in bytes per sample and number of channels.
* Only 2- and 3-byte fixed-point samples and 4-byte floating point samples
* are supported.  If "headersize" is nonzero, the
* caller should supply the number of channels, endinanness, and bytes per
* sample; the header is ignored.  Otherwise, the routine tries to read the
* header and fill in the properties.
*/

int open_soundfile(const char *dirname, const char *filename, int headersize,
    int *p_bytespersamp, int *p_bigendian, int *p_nchannels, long *p_bytelimit,
    long skipframes)
{
    char buf[OBUFSIZE], *bufptr;
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    int fd, nchannels, bigendian, bytespersamp, swap, sysrtn;
#else
    int fd, format, nchannels, bigendian, bytespersamp, swap, sysrtn;
#endif
    long bytelimit = 0x7fffffff;
#ifndef ROCKBOX
    errno = 0;
#endif
    fd = open_via_path(dirname, filename,
    	"", buf, &bufptr, MAXPDSTRING, 1);
    if (fd < 0)
    	return (-1);
    if (headersize >= 0) /* header detection overridden */
    {
	bigendian = *p_bigendian;
	nchannels = *p_nchannels;
	bytespersamp = *p_bytespersamp;
	bytelimit = *p_bytelimit;
    }
    else
    {
    	int bytesread = read(fd, buf, READHDRSIZE);
	int format;
	if (bytesread < 4)
	    goto badheader;
	if (!strncmp(buf, ".snd", 4))
	    format = FORMAT_NEXT, bigendian = 1;
	else if (!strncmp(buf, "dns.", 4))
	    format = FORMAT_NEXT, bigendian = 0;
	else if (!strncmp(buf, "RIFF", 4))
	{
	    if (bytesread < 12 || strncmp(buf + 8, "WAVE", 4))
	    	goto badheader;
	    format = FORMAT_WAVE, bigendian = 0;
    	}
	else if (!strncmp(buf, "FORM", 4))
	{
	    if (bytesread < 12 || strncmp(buf + 8, "AIFF", 4))
	    	goto badheader;
	    format = FORMAT_AIFF, bigendian = 1;
    	}
	else
	    goto badheader;
    	swap = (bigendian != garray_ambigendian());
	if (format == FORMAT_NEXT)   /* nextstep header */
	{
#ifndef ROCKBOX
	    uint32 param;
#endif
	    if (bytesread < (int)sizeof(t_nextstep))
	    	goto badheader;
	    nchannels = swap4(((t_nextstep *)buf)->ns_nchans, swap);
	    format = swap4(((t_nextstep *)buf)->ns_format, swap);
	    headersize = swap4(((t_nextstep *)buf)->ns_onset, swap);
	    if (format == NS_FORMAT_LINEAR_16)
	    	bytespersamp = 2;
	    else if (format == NS_FORMAT_LINEAR_24)
	    	bytespersamp = 3;
	    else if (format == NS_FORMAT_FLOAT)
	    	bytespersamp = 4;
	    else goto badheader;
	    bytelimit = 0x7fffffff;
	}
	else if (format == FORMAT_WAVE)	    /* wave header */
	{
	       /*  This is awful.  You have to skip over chunks,
	       except that if one happens to be a "fmt" chunk, you want to
	       find out the format from that one.  The case where the
	       "fmt" chunk comes after the audio isn't handled. */
	    headersize = 12;
	    if (bytesread < 20)
	    	goto badheader;
		/* First we guess a number of channels, etc., in case there's
	    	no "fmt" chunk to follow. */
	    nchannels = 1;
	    bytespersamp = 2;
	    	/* copy the first chunk header to beginnning of buffer. */
	    memcpy(buf, buf + headersize, sizeof(t_wavechunk));
	    /* post("chunk %c %c %c %c",
		    ((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id[0],
		    ((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id[1],
		    ((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id[2],
		    ((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id[3]); */
	    	/* read chunks in loop until we get to the data chunk */
	    while (strncmp(((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id, "data", 4))
	    {
    	    	long chunksize = swap4(((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_size,
		    swap), seekto = headersize + chunksize + 8, seekout;
		
    	    	if (!strncmp(((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id, "fmt ", 4))
		{
		    long commblockonset = headersize + 8;
		    seekout = lseek(fd, commblockonset, SEEK_SET);
		    if (seekout != commblockonset)
		    	goto badheader;
    	    	    if (read(fd, buf, sizeof(t_fmt)) < (int) sizeof(t_fmt))
		    	    goto badheader;
		    nchannels = swap2(((t_fmt *)buf)->f_nchannels, swap);
		    format = swap2(((t_fmt *)buf)->f_nbitspersample, swap);
		    if (format == 16)
	    	    	bytespersamp = 2;
		    else if (format == 24)
	    	    	bytespersamp = 3;
		    else if (format == 32)
	    	    	bytespersamp = 4;
		    else goto badheader;
	    	}
	    	seekout = lseek(fd, seekto, SEEK_SET);
		if (seekout != seekto)
		    goto badheader;
    	    	if (read(fd, buf, sizeof(t_wavechunk)) <
		    (int) sizeof(t_wavechunk))
		    	goto badheader;
	    	/* post("new chunk %c %c %c %c at %d",
		    ((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id[0],
		    ((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id[1],
		    ((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id[2],
		    ((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_id[3], seekto); */
		headersize = seekto;
	    }
	    bytelimit = swap4(((t_wavechunk *)buf)->wc_size, swap);
    	    headersize += 8;
	}
    	else
	{
	    	/* AIFF.  same as WAVE; actually predates it.  Disgusting. */
	    headersize = 12;
	    if (bytesread < 20)
	    	goto badheader;
		/* First we guess a number of channels, etc., in case there's
	    	no COMM block to follow. */
	    nchannels = 1;
	    bytespersamp = 2;
	    	/* copy the first chunk header to beginnning of buffer. */
	    memcpy(buf, buf + headersize, sizeof(t_datachunk));
	    	/* read chunks in loop until we get to the data chunk */
	    while (strncmp(((t_datachunk *)buf)->dc_id, "SSND", 4))
	    {
    	    	long chunksize = swap4(((t_datachunk *)buf)->dc_size,
		    swap), seekto = headersize + chunksize + 8, seekout;
	    	/* post("chunk %c %c %c %c seek %d",
		    ((t_datachunk *)buf)->dc_id[0],
		    ((t_datachunk *)buf)->dc_id[1],
		    ((t_datachunk *)buf)->dc_id[2],
		    ((t_datachunk *)buf)->dc_id[3], seekto); */
    	    	if (!strncmp(((t_datachunk *)buf)->dc_id, "COMM", 4))
		{
		    long commblockonset = headersize + 8;
		    seekout = lseek(fd, commblockonset, SEEK_SET);
		    if (seekout != commblockonset)
		    	goto badheader;
    	    	    if (read(fd, buf, sizeof(t_comm)) <
		    	(int) sizeof(t_comm))
		    	    goto badheader;
		    nchannels = swap2(((t_comm *)buf)->c_nchannels, swap);
		    format = swap2(((t_comm *)buf)->c_bitspersamp, swap);
		    if (format == 16)
	    	    	bytespersamp = 2;
		    else if (format == 24)
	    	    	bytespersamp = 3;
		    else goto badheader;
	    	}
	    	seekout = lseek(fd, seekto, SEEK_SET);
		if (seekout != seekto)
		    goto badheader;
    	    	if (read(fd, buf, sizeof(t_datachunk)) <
		    (int) sizeof(t_datachunk))
		    	goto badheader;
		headersize = seekto;
	    }
	    bytelimit = swap4(((t_datachunk *)buf)->dc_size, swap);
    	    headersize += 8;
	}
    }
    	/* seek past header and any sample frames to skip */
    sysrtn = lseek(fd, nchannels * bytespersamp * skipframes + headersize, 0);
    if (sysrtn != nchannels * bytespersamp * skipframes + headersize)
	return (-1);
     bytelimit -= nchannels * bytespersamp * skipframes;
     if (bytelimit < 0)
        bytelimit = 0;
    	/* copy sample format back to caller */
    *p_bigendian = bigendian;
    *p_nchannels = nchannels;
    *p_bytespersamp = bytespersamp;
    *p_bytelimit = bytelimit;
    return (fd);
badheader:
    	/* the header wasn't recognized.  We're threadable here so let's not
	print out the error... */
#ifndef ROCKBOX
    errno = EIO;
#endif
    return (-1);
}

static void soundfile_xferin(int sfchannels, int nvecs, t_sample **vecs,
    long itemsread, unsigned char *buf, int nitems, int bytespersamp,
    int bigendian)
{
    int i, j;
    unsigned char *sp, *sp2;
    t_sample *fp;
    int nchannels = (sfchannels < nvecs ? sfchannels : nvecs);
    int bytesperframe = bytespersamp * sfchannels;
    for (i = 0, sp = buf; i < nchannels; i++, sp += bytespersamp)
    {
	if (bytespersamp == 2)
	{
	    if (bigendian)
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + itemsread;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		    	*fp = SCALE * ((sp2[0] << 24) | (sp2[1] << 16));
	    }
	    else
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + itemsread;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		    	*fp = ((short*)sp2)[0]<<(fix1-16); 
	    }
	}
	else if (bytespersamp == 3)
	{
	    if (bigendian)
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + itemsread;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		    	*fp = SCALE * ((sp2[0] << 24) | (sp2[1] << 16)
			    | (sp2[2] << 8));
	    }
	    else
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + itemsread;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		    	*fp = SCALE * ((sp2[2] << 24) | (sp2[1] << 16)
			    | (sp2[0] << 8));
	    }
	}
	else if (bytespersamp == 4)
	{
	    if (bigendian)
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + itemsread;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		    	*(long *)fp = ((sp2[0] << 24) | (sp2[1] << 16)
			    | (sp2[2] << 8) | sp2[3]);
	    }
	    else
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + itemsread;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		    	*(long *)fp = ((sp2[3] << 24) | (sp2[2] << 16)
			    | (sp2[1] << 8) | sp2[0]);
	    }
	}
    }
	/* zero out other outputs */
    for (i = sfchannels; i < nvecs; i++)
	for (j = nitems, fp = vecs[i]; j--; )
	    *fp++ = 0;

}

    /* soundfiler_write ...
 
    usage: write [flags] filename table ...
    flags:
	-nframes <frames>
	-skip <frames>
	-bytes <bytes per sample>
	-normalize
	-nextstep
	-wave
	-big
	-little
    */

    /* the routine which actually does the work should LATER also be called
    from garray_write16. */


    /* Parse arguments for writing.  The "obj" argument is only for flagging
    errors.  For streaming to a file the "normalize", "onset" and "nframes"
    arguments shouldn't be set but the calling routine flags this. */

static int soundfiler_writeargparse(void *obj, int *p_argc, t_atom **p_argv,
    t_symbol **p_filesym,
    int *p_filetype, int *p_bytespersamp, int *p_swap, int *p_bigendian,
    int *p_normalize, long *p_onset, long *p_nframes, float *p_rate)
{
    int argc = *p_argc;
    t_atom *argv = *p_argv;
    int bytespersamp = 2, bigendian = 0,
    	endianness = -1, swap, filetype = -1, normalize = 0;
    long onset = 0, nframes = 0x7fffffff;
    t_symbol *filesym;
    float rate = -1;
    
    while (argc > 0 && argv->a_type == A_SYMBOL &&
    	*argv->a_w.w_symbol->s_name == '-')
    {
    	char *flag = argv->a_w.w_symbol->s_name + 1;
	if (!strcmp(flag, "skip"))
	{
	    if (argc < 2 || argv[1].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((onset = argv[1].a_w.w_float) < 0))
	    	    goto usage;
	    argc -= 2; argv += 2;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "nframes"))
	{
	    if (argc < 2 || argv[1].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((nframes = argv[1].a_w.w_float) < 0))
	    	    goto usage;
	    argc -= 2; argv += 2;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "bytes"))
	{
	    if (argc < 2 || argv[1].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((bytespersamp = argv[1].a_w.w_float) < 2) ||
		    bytespersamp > 4)
	    	    	goto usage;
	    argc -= 2; argv += 2;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "normalize"))
	{
	    normalize = 1;
	    argc -= 1; argv += 1;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "wave"))
	{
	    filetype = FORMAT_WAVE;
	    argc -= 1; argv += 1;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "nextstep"))
	{
	    filetype = FORMAT_NEXT;
	    argc -= 1; argv += 1;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "aiff"))
	{
	    filetype = FORMAT_AIFF;
	    argc -= 1; argv += 1;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "big"))
	{
	    endianness = 1;
	    argc -= 1; argv += 1;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "little"))
	{
	    endianness = 0;
	    argc -= 1; argv += 1;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "r") || !strcmp(flag, "rate"))
	{
	    if (argc < 2 || argv[1].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((rate = argv[1].a_w.w_float) <= 0))
	    	    goto usage;
	    argc -= 2; argv += 2;
	}
	else goto usage;
    }
    if (!argc || argv->a_type != A_SYMBOL)
    	goto usage;
    filesym = argv->a_w.w_symbol;
    
    	/* check if format not specified and fill in */
    if (filetype < 0) 
    {
    	if (strlen(filesym->s_name) >= 5 &&
			(!strcmp(filesym->s_name + strlen(filesym->s_name) - 4, ".aif") ||
			!strcmp(filesym->s_name + strlen(filesym->s_name) - 4, ".AIF")))
    	    	filetype = FORMAT_AIFF;
    	if (strlen(filesym->s_name) >= 6 &&
			(!strcmp(filesym->s_name + strlen(filesym->s_name) - 5, ".aiff") ||
			!strcmp(filesym->s_name + strlen(filesym->s_name) - 5, ".AIFF")))
    	    	filetype = FORMAT_AIFF;
    	if (strlen(filesym->s_name) >= 5 &&
			(!strcmp(filesym->s_name + strlen(filesym->s_name) - 4, ".snd") ||
			!strcmp(filesym->s_name + strlen(filesym->s_name) - 4, ".SND")))
    	    	filetype = FORMAT_NEXT;
    	if (strlen(filesym->s_name) >= 4 &&
			(!strcmp(filesym->s_name + strlen(filesym->s_name) - 3, ".au") ||
			!strcmp(filesym->s_name + strlen(filesym->s_name) - 3, ".AU")))
    	    	filetype = FORMAT_NEXT;
    	if (filetype < 0)
	    filetype = FORMAT_WAVE;
    }
    	/* don't handle AIFF floating point samples */
    if (bytespersamp == 4)
    {
    	if (filetype == FORMAT_AIFF)
	{
	    pd_error(obj, "AIFF floating-point file format unavailable");
	    goto usage;
    	}
    }
    	/* for WAVE force little endian; for nextstep use machine native */
    if (filetype == FORMAT_WAVE)
    {
    	bigendian = 0;
    	if (endianness == 1)
	    pd_error(obj, "WAVE file forced to little endian");
    }
    else if (filetype == FORMAT_AIFF)
    {
    	bigendian = 1;
    	if (endianness == 0)
	    pd_error(obj, "AIFF file forced to big endian");
    }
    else if (endianness == -1)
    {
    	bigendian = garray_ambigendian();
    }
    else bigendian = endianness;
    swap = (bigendian != garray_ambigendian());
    
    argc--; argv++;
    
    *p_argc = argc;
    *p_argv = argv;
    *p_filesym = filesym;
    *p_filetype = filetype;
    *p_bytespersamp = bytespersamp;
    *p_swap = swap;
    *p_normalize = normalize;
    *p_onset = onset;
    *p_nframes = nframes;
    *p_bigendian = bigendian;
    *p_rate = rate;
    return (0);
usage:
    return (-1);
}

static int create_soundfile(t_canvas *canvas, const char *filename,
    int filetype, int nframes, int bytespersamp,
    int bigendian, int nchannels, int swap, float samplerate)
{
    char filenamebuf[MAXPDSTRING], buf2[MAXPDSTRING];
    char headerbuf[WRITEHDRSIZE];
    t_wave *wavehdr = (t_wave *)headerbuf;
    t_nextstep *nexthdr = (t_nextstep *)headerbuf;
    t_aiff *aiffhdr = (t_aiff *)headerbuf;
    int fd, headersize = 0;
    
    strncpy(filenamebuf, filename, MAXPDSTRING-10);
    filenamebuf[MAXPDSTRING-10] = 0;

    if (filetype == FORMAT_NEXT)
    {
    	if (strcmp(filenamebuf + strlen(filenamebuf)-4, ".snd"))
    	    strcat(filenamebuf, ".snd");
	if (bigendian)
	    strncpy(nexthdr->ns_fileid, ".snd", 4);
    	else strncpy(nexthdr->ns_fileid, "dns.", 4);
	nexthdr->ns_onset = swap4(sizeof(*nexthdr), swap);
    	nexthdr->ns_length = 0;
    	nexthdr->ns_format = swap4((bytespersamp == 3 ? NS_FORMAT_LINEAR_24 :
	   (bytespersamp == 4 ? NS_FORMAT_FLOAT : NS_FORMAT_LINEAR_16)), swap);
    	nexthdr->ns_sr = swap4(samplerate, swap);
    	nexthdr->ns_nchans = swap4(nchannels, swap);
    	strcpy(nexthdr->ns_info, "Pd ");
    	swapstring(nexthdr->ns_info, swap);
	headersize = sizeof(t_nextstep);
    }
    else if (filetype == FORMAT_AIFF)
    {
    	long datasize = nframes * nchannels * bytespersamp;
	long longtmp;
	static unsigned char dogdoo[] =
	    {0x40, 0x0e, 0xac, 0x44, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 'S', 'S', 'N', 'D'};
    	if (strcmp(filenamebuf + strlen(filenamebuf)-4, ".aif") &&
	    strcmp(filenamebuf + strlen(filenamebuf)-5, ".aiff"))
    	    	strcat(filenamebuf, ".aif");
    	strncpy(aiffhdr->a_fileid, "FORM", 4);
    	aiffhdr->a_chunksize = swap4(datasize + sizeof(*aiffhdr) + 4, swap);
    	strncpy(aiffhdr->a_aiffid, "AIFF", 4);
    	strncpy(aiffhdr->a_fmtid, "COMM", 4);
    	aiffhdr->a_fmtchunksize = swap4(18, swap);
    	aiffhdr->a_nchannels = swap2(nchannels, swap);
	longtmp = swap4(nframes, swap);
	memcpy(&aiffhdr->a_nframeshi, &longtmp, 4);
    	aiffhdr->a_bitspersamp = swap2(8 * bytespersamp, swap);
    	memcpy(aiffhdr->a_samprate, dogdoo, sizeof(dogdoo));
	longtmp = swap4(datasize, swap);
	memcpy(aiffhdr->a_samprate + sizeof(dogdoo), &longtmp, 4);
	headersize = AIFFPLUS;
    }
    else    /* WAVE format */
    {
    	long datasize = nframes * nchannels * bytespersamp;
    	if (strcmp(filenamebuf + strlen(filenamebuf)-4, ".wav"))
    	    strcat(filenamebuf, ".wav");
    	strncpy(wavehdr->w_fileid, "RIFF", 4);
    	wavehdr->w_chunksize = swap4(datasize + sizeof(*wavehdr) - 8, swap);
    	strncpy(wavehdr->w_waveid, "WAVE", 4);
    	strncpy(wavehdr->w_fmtid, "fmt ", 4);
    	wavehdr->w_fmtchunksize = swap4(16, swap);
    	wavehdr->w_fmttag =
	    swap2((bytespersamp == 4 ? WAV_FLOAT : WAV_INT), swap);
    	wavehdr->w_nchannels = swap2(nchannels, swap);
    	wavehdr->w_samplespersec = swap4(samplerate, swap);
    	wavehdr->w_navgbytespersec =
	    swap4((int)(samplerate * nchannels * bytespersamp), swap);
    	wavehdr->w_nblockalign = swap2(nchannels * bytespersamp, swap);
    	wavehdr->w_nbitspersample = swap2(8 * bytespersamp, swap);
    	strncpy(wavehdr->w_datachunkid, "data", 4);
    	wavehdr->w_datachunksize = swap4(datasize, swap);
	headersize = sizeof(t_wave);
    }

    canvas_makefilename(canvas, filenamebuf, buf2, MAXPDSTRING);
    sys_bashfilename(buf2, buf2);
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    if ((fd = open(buf2, BINCREATE)) < 0)
#else
    if ((fd = open(buf2, BINCREATE, 0666)) < 0)
#endif
    	return (-1);

    if (write(fd, headerbuf, headersize) < headersize)
    {
	close (fd);
    	return (-1);
    }
    return (fd);
}

static void soundfile_finishwrite(void *obj, char *filename, int fd,
    int filetype, long nframes, long itemswritten, int bytesperframe, int swap)
{
    if (itemswritten < nframes) 
    {
    	if (nframes < 0x7fffffff)
	    pd_error(obj, "soundfiler_write: %d out of %d bytes written",
	    	itemswritten, nframes);
	    /* try to fix size fields in header */
	if (filetype == FORMAT_WAVE)
	{
    	    long datasize = itemswritten * bytesperframe, mofo;
	    
	    if (lseek(fd,
	    	((char *)(&((t_wave *)0)->w_chunksize)) - (char *)0,
		    SEEK_SET) == 0)
		    	goto baddonewrite;
	    mofo = swap4(datasize + sizeof(t_wave) - 8, swap);
    	    if (write(fd, (char *)(&mofo), 4) < 4)
    	    	goto baddonewrite;
	    if (lseek(fd,
	    	((char *)(&((t_wave *)0)->w_datachunksize)) - (char *)0,
		    SEEK_SET) == 0)
		    	goto baddonewrite;
    	    mofo = swap4(datasize, swap);
    	    if (write(fd, (char *)(&mofo), 4) < 4)
    	    	goto baddonewrite;
	}
	if (filetype == FORMAT_AIFF)
	{
    	    long mofo;
    	    if (lseek(fd,
	    	((char *)(&((t_aiff *)0)->a_nframeshi)) - (char *)0,
		    SEEK_SET) == 0)
		    	goto baddonewrite;
	    mofo = swap4(nframes, swap);
    	    if (write(fd, (char *)(&mofo), 4) < 4)
    	    	goto baddonewrite;
	}
	if (filetype == FORMAT_NEXT)
	{
	    /* do it the lazy way: just set the size field to 'unknown size'*/
	    uint32 nextsize = 0xffffffff;
	    if (lseek(fd, 8, SEEK_SET) == 0)
	    {
	        goto baddonewrite;
	    }
	    if (write(fd, &nextsize, 4) < 4)
	    {
	        goto baddonewrite;
	    }
	}
    }
    return;
baddonewrite:
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    post("%s: error", filename);
#else
    post("%s: %s", filename, strerror(errno));
#endif
}

static void soundfile_xferout(int nchannels, t_sample **vecs,
    unsigned char *buf, int nitems, long onset, int bytespersamp,
    int bigendian, float normalfactor)
{
    int i, j;
    unsigned char *sp, *sp2;
    t_sample *fp;
    int bytesperframe = bytespersamp * nchannels;
    long xx;
    for (i = 0, sp = buf; i < nchannels; i++, sp += bytespersamp)
    {
	if (bytespersamp == 2)
	{
	    float ff = normalfactor * 32768.;
	    if (bigendian)
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp = vecs[i] + onset;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		{
		    int xx = 32768. + (*fp * ff);
		    xx -= 32768;
		    if (xx < -32767)
			xx = -32767;
		    if (xx > 32767)
			xx = 32767;
		    sp2[0] = (xx >> 8);
		    sp2[1] = xx;
	    	}
	    }
	    else
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + onset;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		{
		    int xx = 32768. + (*fp * ff);
		    xx -= 32768;
		    if (xx < -32767)
			xx = -32767;
		    if (xx > 32767)
			xx = 32767;
		    sp2[1] = (xx >> 8);
		    sp2[0] = xx;
		}
	    }
	}
	else if (bytespersamp == 3)
	{
	    float ff = normalfactor * 8388608.;
	    if (bigendian)
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + onset;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		{
		    int xx = 8388608. + (*fp * ff);
		    xx -= 8388608;
		    if (xx < -8388607)
			xx = -8388607;
		    if (xx > 8388607)
			xx = 8388607;
		    sp2[0] = (xx >> 16);
		    sp2[1] = (xx >> 8);
		    sp2[2] = xx;
		}
	    }
	    else
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + onset;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		{
		    int xx = 8388608. + (*fp * ff);
		    xx -= 8388608;
		    if (xx < -8388607)
			xx = -8388607;
		    if (xx > 8388607)
			xx = 8388607;
		    sp2[2] = (xx >> 16);
		    sp2[1] = (xx >> 8);
		    sp2[0] = xx;
		}
	    }
	}
	else if (bytespersamp == 4)
	{
	    if (bigendian)
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + onset;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		{
#ifdef ROCKBOX
                    union f2i f2i;
                    f2i.f = *fp * normalfactor;
                    xx = f2i.i;
#else /* ROCKBOX */
		    float f2 = *fp * normalfactor;
		    xx = *(long *)&f2;
#endif /* ROCKBOX */
		    sp2[0] = (xx >> 24); sp2[1] = (xx >> 16);
		    sp2[2] = (xx >> 8); sp2[3] = xx;
	    	}
	    }
	    else
	    {
	    	for (j = 0, sp2 = sp, fp=vecs[i] + onset;
		    j < nitems; j++, sp2 += bytesperframe, fp++)
		{
#ifdef ROCKBOX
                    union f2i f2i;
                    f2i.f = *fp * normalfactor;
                    xx = f2i.i;
#else /* ROCKBOX */
		    float f2 = *fp * normalfactor;
		    xx = *(long *)&f2;
#endif /* ROCKBOX */
		    sp2[3] = (xx >> 24); sp2[2] = (xx >> 16);
		    sp2[1] = (xx >> 8); sp2[0] = xx;
	    	}
	    }
	}
    }
}


/* ------- soundfiler - reads and writes soundfiles to/from "garrays" ---- */
#define DEFMAXSIZE 4000000 	/* default maximum 16 MB per channel */
#define SAMPBUFSIZE 1024


static t_class *soundfiler_class;

typedef struct _soundfiler
{
    t_object x_obj;
    t_canvas *x_canvas;
} t_soundfiler;

static t_soundfiler *soundfiler_new(void)
{
    t_soundfiler *x = (t_soundfiler *)pd_new(soundfiler_class);
    x->x_canvas = canvas_getcurrent();
    outlet_new(&x->x_obj, &s_float);
    return (x);
}

    /* soundfiler_read ...
    
    usage: read [flags] filename table ...
    flags:
    	-skip <frames> ... frames to skip in file
	-nframes <frames>
	-onset <frames> ... onset in table to read into (NOT DONE YET)
	-raw <headersize channels bytes endian>
	-resize
	-maxsize <max-size>
    */

static void soundfiler_read(t_soundfiler *x, t_symbol *s,
    int argc, t_atom *argv)
{
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    (void) s;
#endif
    int headersize = -1, channels = 0, bytespersamp = 0, bigendian = 0,
	resize = 0, i, j;
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    long skipframes = 0, nframes = 0, finalsize = 0,
#else
    long skipframes = 0, nframes = 0, finalsize = 0, itemsleft,
#endif
    	maxsize = DEFMAXSIZE, itemsread = 0, bytelimit  = 0x7fffffff;
    int fd = -1;
    char endianness, *filename;
    t_garray *garrays[MAXSFCHANS];
    t_sample *vecs[MAXSFCHANS];
    char sampbuf[SAMPBUFSIZE];
    int bufframes, nitems;
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    int fp;
#else
    FILE *fp;
#endif
    while (argc > 0 && argv->a_type == A_SYMBOL &&
    	*argv->a_w.w_symbol->s_name == '-')
    {
    	char *flag = argv->a_w.w_symbol->s_name + 1;
	if (!strcmp(flag, "skip"))
	{
	    if (argc < 2 || argv[1].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((skipframes = argv[1].a_w.w_float) < 0))
	    	    goto usage;
	    argc -= 2; argv += 2;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "nframes"))
	{
	    if (argc < 2 || argv[1].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((nframes = argv[1].a_w.w_float) < 0))
	    	    goto usage;
	    argc -= 2; argv += 2;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "raw"))
	{
	    if (argc < 5 ||
	    	argv[1].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((headersize = argv[1].a_w.w_float) < 0) ||
	    	argv[2].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((channels = argv[2].a_w.w_float) < 1) ||
		(channels > MAXSFCHANS) || 
	    	argv[3].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((bytespersamp = argv[3].a_w.w_float) < 2) || 
		    (bytespersamp > 4) ||
	    	argv[4].a_type != A_SYMBOL ||
		    ((endianness = argv[4].a_w.w_symbol->s_name[0]) != 'b'
		    && endianness != 'l' && endianness != 'n'))
	    	    	goto usage;
	    if (endianness == 'b')
	    	bigendian = 1;
	    else if (endianness == 'l')
	    	bigendian = 0;
	    else
	    	bigendian = garray_ambigendian();
	    argc -= 5; argv += 5;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "resize"))
	{
	    resize = 1;
	    argc -= 1; argv += 1;
	}
	else if (!strcmp(flag, "maxsize"))
	{
	    if (argc < 2 || argv[1].a_type != A_FLOAT ||
	    	((maxsize = argv[1].a_w.w_float) < 0))
	    	    goto usage;
	    resize = 1;     /* maxsize implies resize. */
	    argc -= 2; argv += 2;
	}
	else goto usage;
    }
    if (argc < 2 || argc > MAXSFCHANS + 1 || argv[0].a_type != A_SYMBOL)
    	goto usage;
    filename = argv[0].a_w.w_symbol->s_name;
    argc--; argv++;
    
    for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
    {
    	int vecsize;
    	if (argv[i].a_type != A_SYMBOL)
	    goto usage;
	if (!(garrays[i] =
	    (t_garray *)pd_findbyclass(argv[i].a_w.w_symbol, garray_class)))
	{
	    pd_error(x, "%s: no such table", argv[i].a_w.w_symbol->s_name);
	    goto done;
	}
    	else if (!garray_getfloatarray(garrays[i], &vecsize, &vecs[i]))
    	    error("%s: bad template for tabwrite",
	    	argv[i].a_w.w_symbol->s_name);
    	if (finalsize && finalsize != vecsize && !resize)
	{
	    post("soundfiler_read: arrays have different lengths; resizing...");
	    resize = 1;
	}
	finalsize = vecsize;
    }
    fd = open_soundfile(canvas_getdir(x->x_canvas)->s_name, filename,
    	headersize, &bytespersamp, &bigendian, &channels, &bytelimit,
	    skipframes);
    
    if (fd < 0)
    {
#ifdef ROCKBOX
        pd_error(x, "soundfiler_read: %s: %s",
                         filename,
                         "unknown or bad header format");
#else
	pd_error(x, "soundfiler_read: %s: %s", filename, (errno == EIO ?
	    "unknown or bad header format" : strerror(errno)));
#endif
    	goto done;
    }

    if (resize)
    {
    	    /* figure out what to resize to */
    	long poswas, eofis, framesinfile;
	
	poswas = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
	eofis = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END);
	if (poswas < 0 || eofis < 0)
	{
	    pd_error(x, "lseek failed");
	    goto done;
	}
	lseek(fd, poswas, SEEK_SET);
	framesinfile = (eofis - poswas) / (channels * bytespersamp);
	if (framesinfile > maxsize)
	{
	    pd_error(x, "soundfiler_read: truncated to %d elements", maxsize);
	    framesinfile = maxsize;
	}
        if (framesinfile > bytelimit / (channels * bytespersamp))
            framesinfile = bytelimit / (channels * bytespersamp);
	finalsize = framesinfile;
	for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
	{
	    int vecsize;

    	    garray_resize(garrays[i], finalsize);
	    	/* for sanity's sake let's clear the save-in-patch flag here */
	    garray_setsaveit(garrays[i], 0);
	    garray_getfloatarray(garrays[i], &vecsize, &vecs[i]);
	    	/* if the resize failed, garray_resize reported the error */
	    if (vecsize != framesinfile)
	    {
	    	pd_error(x, "resize failed");
	     	goto done;
    	    }
	}
    }
    if (!finalsize) finalsize = 0x7fffffff;
    if (finalsize > bytelimit / (channels * bytespersamp))
    	finalsize = bytelimit / (channels * bytespersamp);
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    fp = fd;
#else
    fp = fdopen(fd, "rb");
#endif
    bufframes = SAMPBUFSIZE / (channels * bytespersamp);

    for (itemsread = 0; itemsread < finalsize; )
    {
    	int thisread = finalsize - itemsread;
    	thisread = (thisread > bufframes ? bufframes : thisread);
#ifdef ROCKBOX
        nitems = read(fp, sampbuf, thisread * bytespersamp * channels) / bytespersamp;
#else
    	nitems = fread(sampbuf, channels * bytespersamp, thisread, fp);
#endif
	if (nitems <= 0) break;
	soundfile_xferin(channels, argc, vecs, itemsread,
	    (unsigned char *)sampbuf, nitems, bytespersamp, bigendian);
	itemsread += nitems;
    }
    	/* zero out remaining elements of vectors */

    for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
    {
#ifdef ROCKBOX
        int vecsize;
#else
	int nzero, vecsize;
#endif
	garray_getfloatarray(garrays[i], &vecsize, &vecs[i]);
	for (j = itemsread; j < vecsize; j++)
	    vecs[i][j] = 0;
    }
    	/* zero out vectors in excess of number of channels */
    for (i = channels; i < argc; i++)
    {
	int vecsize;
	t_sample *foo;
	garray_getfloatarray(garrays[i], &vecsize, &foo);
	for (j = 0; j < vecsize; j++)
	    foo[j] = 0;
    }
    	/* do all graphics updates */
    for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
    	garray_redraw(garrays[i]);
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    close(fp);
#else
    fclose(fp);
#endif
    fd = -1;
    goto done;
usage:
    pd_error(x, "usage: read [flags] filename tablename...");
    post("flags: -skip <n> -nframes <n> -resize -maxsize <n> ...");
    post("-raw <headerbytes> <channels> <bytespersamp> <endian (b, l, or n)>.");
done:
    if (fd >= 0)
    	close (fd);
    outlet_float(x->x_obj.ob_outlet, (float)itemsread); 
}

    /* this is broken out from soundfiler_write below so garray_write can
    call it too... not done yet though. */

long soundfiler_dowrite(void *obj, t_canvas *canvas,
    int argc, t_atom *argv)
{
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    int bytespersamp, bigendian,
    	swap, filetype, normalize, i, j, nchannels;
    long onset, nframes,
        itemswritten = 0;
#else
    int headersize, bytespersamp, bigendian,
    	endianness, swap, filetype, normalize, i, j, nchannels;
    long onset, nframes, itemsleft,
    	maxsize = DEFMAXSIZE, itemswritten = 0;
#endif
    t_garray *garrays[MAXSFCHANS];
    t_sample *vecs[MAXSFCHANS];
    char sampbuf[SAMPBUFSIZE];
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    int bufframes;
#else
    int bufframes, nitems;
#endif
    int fd = -1;
    float normfactor, biggest = 0, samplerate;
    t_symbol *filesym;

    if (soundfiler_writeargparse(obj, &argc, &argv, &filesym, &filetype,
    	&bytespersamp, &swap, &bigendian, &normalize, &onset, &nframes,
	    &samplerate))
    	    	goto usage;
    nchannels = argc;
    if (nchannels < 1 || nchannels > MAXSFCHANS)
    	goto usage;
    if (samplerate < 0)
    	samplerate = sys_getsr();
    for (i = 0; i < nchannels; i++)
    {
    	int vecsize;
    	if (argv[i].a_type != A_SYMBOL)
	    goto usage;
	if (!(garrays[i] =
	    (t_garray *)pd_findbyclass(argv[i].a_w.w_symbol, garray_class)))
	{
	    pd_error(obj, "%s: no such table", argv[i].a_w.w_symbol->s_name);
	    goto fail;
	}
    	else if (!garray_getfloatarray(garrays[i], &vecsize, &vecs[i]))
    	    error("%s: bad template for tabwrite",
	    	argv[i].a_w.w_symbol->s_name);
    	if (nframes > vecsize - onset)
	    nframes = vecsize - onset;
    	
	for (j = 0; j < vecsize; j++)
	{
	    if (vecs[i][j] > biggest)
	    	biggest = vecs[i][j];
	    else if (-vecs[i][j] > biggest)
	    	biggest = -vecs[i][j];
    	}
    }
    if (nframes <= 0)
    {
	pd_error(obj, "soundfiler_write: no samples at onset %ld", onset);
    	goto fail;
    }

    if ((fd = create_soundfile(canvas, filesym->s_name, filetype,
    	nframes, bytespersamp, bigendian, nchannels,
	    swap, samplerate)) < 0)
    {
#ifdef ROCKBOX
        post("%s: %s\n", filesym->s_name, "error");
#else
    	post("%s: %s\n", filesym->s_name, strerror(errno));
#endif
    	goto fail;
    }
    if (!normalize)
    {
    	if ((bytespersamp != 4) && (biggest > 1))
	{
    	    post("%s: normalizing max amplitude %f to 1", filesym->s_name, biggest);
    	    normalize = 1;
    	}
	else post("%s: biggest amplitude = %f", filesym->s_name, biggest);
    }
    if (normalize)
	normfactor = (biggest > 0 ? 32767./(32768. * biggest) : 1);
    else normfactor = 1;

    bufframes = SAMPBUFSIZE / (nchannels * bytespersamp);

    for (itemswritten = 0; itemswritten < nframes; )
    {
#ifdef ROCKBOX
        int thiswrite = nframes - itemswritten, nbytes;
#else
    	int thiswrite = nframes - itemswritten, nitems, nbytes;
#endif
    	thiswrite = (thiswrite > bufframes ? bufframes : thiswrite);
	soundfile_xferout(argc, vecs, (unsigned char *)sampbuf, thiswrite,
	    onset, bytespersamp, bigendian, normfactor);
    	nbytes = write(fd, sampbuf, nchannels * bytespersamp * thiswrite);
	if (nbytes < nchannels * bytespersamp * thiswrite)
	{
#ifdef ROCKBOX
            post("%s: %s", filesym->s_name, "error");
#else
	    post("%s: %s", filesym->s_name, strerror(errno));
#endif
	    if (nbytes > 0)
	    	itemswritten += nbytes / (nchannels * bytespersamp);
	    break;
	}
	itemswritten += thiswrite;
	onset += thiswrite;
    }
    if (fd >= 0)
    {
    	soundfile_finishwrite(obj, filesym->s_name, fd,
    	    filetype, nframes, itemswritten, nchannels * bytespersamp, swap);
    	close (fd);
    }
    return ((float)itemswritten); 
usage:
    pd_error(obj, "usage: write [flags] filename tablename...");
    post("flags: -skip <n> -nframes <n> -bytes <n> -wave -aiff -nextstep ...");
    post("-big -little -normalize");
    post("(defaults to a 16-bit wave file).");
fail:
    if (fd >= 0)
    	close (fd);
    return (0); 
}

static void soundfiler_write(t_soundfiler *x, t_symbol *s,
    int argc, t_atom *argv)
{
#ifdef ROCKBOX
    (void) s;
#endif
    long bozo = soundfiler_dowrite(x, x->x_canvas,
    	argc, argv);
    outlet_float(x->x_obj.ob_outlet, (float)bozo); 
}

static void soundfiler_setup(void)
{
    soundfiler_class = class_new(gensym("soundfiler"), (t_newmethod)soundfiler_new, 
    	0, sizeof(t_soundfiler), 0, 0);
    class_addmethod(soundfiler_class, (t_method)soundfiler_read, gensym("read"), 
    	A_GIMME, 0);
    class_addmethod(soundfiler_class, (t_method)soundfiler_write,
    	gensym("write"), A_GIMME, 0);
}


#ifndef FIXEDPOINT
/************************* readsf object ******************************/

/* READSF uses the Posix threads package; for the moment we're Linux
only although this should be portable to the other platforms.

Each instance of readsf~ owns a "child" thread for doing the UNIX (MSW?) file
reading.  The parent thread signals the child each time:
    (1) a file wants opening or closing;
    (2) we've eaten another 1/16 of the shared buffer (so that the
    	child thread should check if it's time to read some more.)
The child signals the parent whenever a read has completed.  Signalling
is done by setting "conditions" and putting data in mutex-controlled common
areas.
*/

#define MAXBYTESPERSAMPLE 4
#define MAXVECSIZE 128

#define READSIZE 65536
#define WRITESIZE 65536
#define DEFBUFPERCHAN 262144
#define MINBUFSIZE (4 * READSIZE)
#define MAXBUFSIZE 16777216 	/* arbitrary; just don't want to hang malloc */

#define REQUEST_NOTHING 0
#define REQUEST_OPEN 1
#define REQUEST_CLOSE 2
#define REQUEST_QUIT 3
#define REQUEST_BUSY 4

#define STATE_IDLE 0
#define STATE_STARTUP 1
#define STATE_STREAM 2

static t_class *readsf_class;

typedef struct _readsf
{
    t_object x_obj;
    t_canvas *x_canvas;
    t_clock *x_clock;
    char *x_buf;    	    	    	    /* soundfile buffer */
    int x_bufsize;  	    	    	    /* buffer size in bytes */
    int x_noutlets; 	    	    	    /* number of audio outlets */
    t_sample *(x_outvec[MAXSFCHANS]);	    /* audio vectors */
    int x_vecsize;  	    	    	    /* vector size for transfers */
    t_outlet *x_bangout;  	    	    /* bang-on-done outlet */
    int x_state;    	    	    	    /* opened, running, or idle */
    float x_insamplerate;   /* sample rate of input signal if known */
    	/* parameters to communicate with subthread */
    int x_requestcode;	    /* pending request from parent to I/O thread */
    char *x_filename;	    /* file to open (string is permanently allocated) */
    int x_fileerror;	    /* slot for "errno" return */
    int x_skipheaderbytes;  /* size of header we'll skip */
    int x_bytespersample;   /* bytes per sample (2 or 3) */
    int x_bigendian;        /* true if file is big-endian */
    int x_sfchannels;	    /* number of channels in soundfile */
    float x_samplerate;     /* sample rate of soundfile */
    long x_onsetframes;	    /* number of sample frames to skip */
    long x_bytelimit;	    /* max number of data bytes to read */
    int x_fd;	    	    /* filedesc */
    int x_fifosize; 	    /* buffer size appropriately rounded down */	    
    int x_fifohead; 	    /* index of next byte to get from file */
    int x_fifotail; 	    /* index of next byte the ugen will read */
    int x_eof;   	    /* true if fifohead has stopped changing */
    int x_sigcountdown;     /* counter for signalling child for more data */
    int x_sigperiod;	    /* number of ticks per signal */
    int x_filetype; 	    /* writesf~ only; type of file to create */
    int x_itemswritten;     /* writesf~ only; items writen */
    int x_swap; 	    /* writesf~ only; true if byte swapping */
    float x_f; 	    	    /* writesf~ only; scalar for signal inlet */
    pthread_mutex_t x_mutex;
    pthread_cond_t x_requestcondition;
    pthread_cond_t x_answercondition;
    pthread_t x_childthread;
} t_readsf;


/************** the child thread which performs file I/O ***********/

#if 0
static void pute(char *s)   /* debug routine */
{
    write(2, s, strlen(s));
}
#define DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
#endif

#if 1
#define sfread_cond_wait pthread_cond_wait
#define sfread_cond_signal pthread_cond_signal
#else
#include <sys/time.h>    /* debugging version... */
#include <sys/types.h>
static void readsf_fakewait(pthread_mutex_t *b)
{
    struct timeval timout;
    timout.tv_sec = 0;
    timout.tv_usec = 1000000;
    pthread_mutex_unlock(b);
    select(0, 0, 0, 0, &timout);
    pthread_mutex_lock(b);
}

#define sfread_cond_wait(a,b) readsf_fakewait(b)
#define sfread_cond_signal(a) 
#endif

static void *readsf_child_main(void *zz)
{
    t_readsf *x = zz;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    pute("1\n");
#endif
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    while (1)
    {
    	int fd, fifohead;
	char *buf;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	pute("0\n");
#endif
	if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_NOTHING)
	{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("wait 2\n");
#endif
	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
	    sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_requestcondition, &x->x_mutex);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("3\n");
#endif
	}
	else if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_OPEN)
	{
    	    char boo[80];
	    int sysrtn, wantbytes;
	    
	    	/* copy file stuff out of the data structure so we can
		relinquish the mutex while we're in open_soundfile(). */
	    long onsetframes = x->x_onsetframes;
	    long bytelimit = 0x7fffffff;
	    int skipheaderbytes = x->x_skipheaderbytes;
	    int bytespersample = x->x_bytespersample;
	    int sfchannels = x->x_sfchannels;
	    int bigendian = x->x_bigendian;
	    char *filename = x->x_filename;
	    char *dirname = canvas_getdir(x->x_canvas)->s_name;
	    	/* alter the request code so that an ensuing "open" will get
		noticed. */
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("4\n");
#endif
	    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_BUSY;
	    x->x_fileerror = 0;

	    	/* if there's already a file open, close it */
	    if (x->x_fd >= 0)
	    {
	    	fd = x->x_fd;
	    	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    	    	close (fd);
    	    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
	    	x->x_fd = -1;
		if (x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_BUSY)
		    goto lost;
	    }
    	    	/* open the soundfile with the mutex unlocked */
	    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
	    fd = open_soundfile(dirname, filename,
	    	skipheaderbytes, &bytespersample, &bigendian,
		&sfchannels, &bytelimit, onsetframes);	    
	    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);

#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("5\n");
#endif
    	    	/* copy back into the instance structure. */
	    x->x_bytespersample = bytespersample;
	    x->x_sfchannels = sfchannels;
	    x->x_bigendian = bigendian;
	    x->x_fd = fd;
	    x->x_bytelimit = bytelimit;
	    if (fd < 0)
	    {
    	    	x->x_fileerror = errno;
		x->x_eof = 1;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	pute("open failed\n");
    	    	pute(filename);
    	    	pute(dirname);
#endif
		goto lost;
	    }
	    	/* check if another request has been made; if so, field it */
	    if (x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_BUSY)
	    	goto lost;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("6\n");
#endif
    	    x->x_fifohead = 0;
	    	    /* set fifosize from bufsize.  fifosize must be a
		    multiple of the number of bytes eaten for each DSP
		    tick.  We pessimistically assume MAXVECSIZE samples
		    per tick since that could change.  There could be a
		    problem here if the vector size increases while a
		    soundfile is being played...  */
	    x->x_fifosize = x->x_bufsize - (x->x_bufsize %
	    	(x->x_bytespersample * x->x_sfchannels * MAXVECSIZE));
		    /* arrange for the "request" condition to be signalled 16
		    times per buffer */
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    sprintf(boo, "fifosize %d\n", 
    	    	x->x_fifosize);
    	    pute(boo);
#endif
	    x->x_sigcountdown = x->x_sigperiod =
	    	(x->x_fifosize /
		    (16 * x->x_bytespersample * x->x_sfchannels *
		    	x->x_vecsize));
    	    	/* in a loop, wait for the fifo to get hungry and feed it */

	    while (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_BUSY)
	    {
	    	int fifosize = x->x_fifosize;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	pute("77\n");
#endif
		if (x->x_eof)
		    break;
		if (x->x_fifohead >= x->x_fifotail)
		{
		    	/* if the head is >= the tail, we can immediately read
		    	to the end of the fifo.  Unless, that is, we would
			read all the way to the end of the buffer and the 
			"tail" is zero; this would fill the buffer completely
			which isn't allowed because you can't tell a completely
			full buffer from an empty one. */
		    if (x->x_fifotail || (fifosize - x->x_fifohead > READSIZE))
		    {
		    	wantbytes = fifosize - x->x_fifohead;
			if (wantbytes > READSIZE)
			    wantbytes = READSIZE;
			if (wantbytes > x->x_bytelimit)
			    wantbytes = x->x_bytelimit;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
		    	sprintf(boo, "head %d, tail %d, size %d\n", 
			    x->x_fifohead, x->x_fifotail, wantbytes);
			pute(boo);
#endif
		    }
		    else
		    {
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	    	pute("wait 7a ...\n");
#endif
	    	    	sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
			pute("signalled\n");
#endif
		    	sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_requestcondition,
			    &x->x_mutex);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	    	pute("7a done\n");
#endif
		    	continue;
		    }
		}
		else
		{
		    	/* otherwise check if there are at least READSIZE
			bytes to read.  If not, wait and loop back. */
		    wantbytes =  x->x_fifotail - x->x_fifohead - 1;
		    if (wantbytes < READSIZE)
		    {
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	    	pute("wait 7...\n");
#endif
	    	    	sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
		    	sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_requestcondition,
			    &x->x_mutex);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	    	pute("7 done\n");
#endif
			continue;
		    }
		    else wantbytes = READSIZE;
                    if (wantbytes > x->x_bytelimit)
                        wantbytes = x->x_bytelimit;
		}
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	pute("8\n");
#endif
		fd = x->x_fd;
		buf = x->x_buf;
		fifohead = x->x_fifohead;
	    	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
		sysrtn = read(fd, buf + fifohead, wantbytes);
	    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
		if (x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_BUSY)
		    break;
		if (sysrtn < 0)
		{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
		    pute("fileerror\n");
#endif
	    	    x->x_fileerror = errno;
		    break;
		}
    	    	else if (sysrtn == 0)
		{
		    x->x_eof = 1;
		    break;
		}
		else
		{
		    x->x_fifohead += sysrtn;
		    x->x_bytelimit -= sysrtn;
		    if (x->x_bytelimit <= 0)
		    {
		    	x->x_eof = 1;
		    	break;
		    }
		    if (x->x_fifohead == fifosize)
    	    	    	x->x_fifohead = 0;
    	    	}
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	sprintf(boo, "after: head %d, tail %d\n", 
    	    	    x->x_fifohead, x->x_fifotail);
    	    	pute(boo);
#endif
		    /* signal parent in case it's waiting for data */
		sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
	    }
    	lost:

    	    if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_BUSY)
	    	x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_NOTHING;
    	    	/* fell out of read loop: close file if necessary,
		set EOF and signal once more */
	    if (x->x_fd >= 0)
	    {
	    	fd = x->x_fd;
    	    	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    	    	close (fd);
    	    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
	    	x->x_fd = -1;
    	    }
	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);

	}
	else if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_CLOSE)
	{
	    if (x->x_fd >= 0)
	    {
	    	fd = x->x_fd;
	    	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    	    	close (fd);
    	    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
	    	x->x_fd = -1;
	    }
	    if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_CLOSE)
	    	x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_NOTHING;
	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
	}
	else if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_QUIT)
	{
	    if (x->x_fd >= 0)
	    {
	    	fd = x->x_fd;
	    	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    	    	close (fd);
    	    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
		x->x_fd = -1;
	    }
	    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_NOTHING;
	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
	    break;
	}
	else
	{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	    pute("13\n");
#endif
	}
    }
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    pute("thread exit\n");
#endif
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    return (0);
}

/******** the object proper runs in the calling (parent) thread ****/

static void readsf_tick(t_readsf *x);

static void *readsf_new(t_floatarg fnchannels, t_floatarg fbufsize)
{
    t_readsf *x;
    int nchannels = fnchannels, bufsize = fbufsize, i;
    char *buf;
    
    if (nchannels < 1)
    	nchannels = 1;
    else if (nchannels > MAXSFCHANS)
    	nchannels = MAXSFCHANS;
    if (bufsize <= 0) bufsize = DEFBUFPERCHAN * nchannels;
    else if (bufsize < MINBUFSIZE)
    	bufsize = MINBUFSIZE;
    else if (bufsize > MAXBUFSIZE)
    	bufsize = MAXBUFSIZE;
    buf = getbytes(bufsize);
    if (!buf) return (0);
    
    x = (t_readsf *)pd_new(readsf_class);
    
    for (i = 0; i < nchannels; i++)
    	outlet_new(&x->x_obj, gensym("signal"));
    x->x_noutlets = nchannels;
    x->x_bangout = outlet_new(&x->x_obj, &s_bang);
    pthread_mutex_init(&x->x_mutex, 0);
    pthread_cond_init(&x->x_requestcondition, 0);
    pthread_cond_init(&x->x_answercondition, 0);
    x->x_vecsize = MAXVECSIZE;
    x->x_state = STATE_IDLE;
    x->x_clock = clock_new(x, (t_method)readsf_tick);
    x->x_canvas = canvas_getcurrent();
    x->x_bytespersample = 2;
    x->x_sfchannels = 1;
    x->x_fd = -1;
    x->x_buf = buf;
    x->x_bufsize = bufsize;
    x->x_fifosize = x->x_fifohead = x->x_fifotail = x->x_requestcode = 0;
    pthread_create(&x->x_childthread, 0, readsf_child_main, x);
    return (x);
}

static void readsf_tick(t_readsf *x)
{
    outlet_bang(x->x_bangout);
}

static t_int *readsf_perform(t_int *w)
{
    t_readsf *x = (t_readsf *)(w[1]);
    int vecsize = x->x_vecsize, noutlets = x->x_noutlets, i, j,
    	bytespersample = x->x_bytespersample,
	bigendian = x->x_bigendian;
    float *fp;
    if (x->x_state == STATE_STREAM)
    {
    	int wantbytes, nchannels, sfchannels = x->x_sfchannels;
    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
	wantbytes = sfchannels * vecsize * bytespersample;
	while (
	    !x->x_eof && x->x_fifohead >= x->x_fifotail &&
	    	x->x_fifohead < x->x_fifotail + wantbytes-1)
	{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	    pute("wait...\n");
#endif
	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
	    sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_answercondition, &x->x_mutex);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	    pute("done\n");
#endif
	}
	if (x->x_eof && x->x_fifohead >= x->x_fifotail &&
	    x->x_fifohead < x->x_fifotail + wantbytes-1)
	{
	    int xfersize;
	    if (x->x_fileerror)
	    {
	    	pd_error(x, "dsp: %s: %s", x->x_filename,
		    (x->x_fileerror == EIO ?
		    	"unknown or bad header format" :
		    	    strerror(x->x_fileerror)));
	    }
	    clock_delay(x->x_clock, 0);
	    x->x_state = STATE_IDLE;

    	    	/* if there's a partial buffer left, copy it out. */
 	    xfersize = (x->x_fifohead - x->x_fifotail + 1) /
 	        (sfchannels * bytespersample);
 	    if (xfersize)
 	    {
    	    	soundfile_xferin(sfchannels, noutlets, x->x_outvec, 0,
 		    (unsigned char *)(x->x_buf + x->x_fifotail), xfersize,
 		        bytespersample, bigendian);
 	        vecsize -= xfersize;
	    }
	    	/* then zero out the (rest of the) output */
 	    for (i = 0; i < noutlets; i++)
 		for (j = vecsize, fp = x->x_outvec[i] + xfersize; j--; )
 		    *fp++ = 0;

	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
	    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
 	    return (w+2); 
	}

	soundfile_xferin(sfchannels, noutlets, x->x_outvec, 0,
    	    (unsigned char *)(x->x_buf + x->x_fifotail), vecsize,
	    	bytespersample, bigendian);
	
	x->x_fifotail += wantbytes;
	if (x->x_fifotail >= x->x_fifosize)
	    x->x_fifotail = 0;
	if ((--x->x_sigcountdown) <= 0)
	{
    	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
	    x->x_sigcountdown = x->x_sigperiod;
	}
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    }
    else
    {
    idle:
    	for (i = 0; i < noutlets; i++)
	    for (j = vecsize, fp = x->x_outvec[i]; j--; )
	    	*fp++ = 0;
    }
    return (w+2);
}

static void readsf_start(t_readsf *x)
{
    /* start making output.  If we're in the "startup" state change
    to the "running" state. */
    if (x->x_state == STATE_STARTUP)
	x->x_state = STATE_STREAM;
    else pd_error(x, "readsf: start requested with no prior 'open'");
}

static void readsf_stop(t_readsf *x)
{
    	/* LATER rethink whether you need the mutex just to set a variable? */
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    x->x_state = STATE_IDLE;
    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_CLOSE;
    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
}

static void readsf_float(t_readsf *x, t_floatarg f)
{
    if (f != 0)
    	readsf_start(x);
    else readsf_stop(x);
}

    /* open method.  Called as:
    open filename [skipframes headersize channels bytespersamp endianness]
    	(if headersize is zero, header is taken to be automatically
	detected; thus, use the special "-1" to mean a truly headerless file.)
    */

static void readsf_open(t_readsf *x, t_symbol *s, int argc, t_atom *argv)
{
    t_symbol *filesym = atom_getsymbolarg(0, argc, argv);
    t_float onsetframes = atom_getfloatarg(1, argc, argv);
    t_float headerbytes = atom_getfloatarg(2, argc, argv);
    t_float channels = atom_getfloatarg(3, argc, argv);
    t_float bytespersamp = atom_getfloatarg(4, argc, argv);
    t_symbol *endian = atom_getsymbolarg(5, argc, argv);
    if (!*filesym->s_name)
    	return;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_OPEN;
    x->x_filename = filesym->s_name;
    x->x_fifotail = 0;
    x->x_fifohead = 0;
    if (*endian->s_name == 'b')
    	 x->x_bigendian = 1;
    else if (*endian->s_name == 'l')
    	 x->x_bigendian = 0;
    else if (*endian->s_name)
    	pd_error(x, "endianness neither 'b' nor 'l'");
    else x->x_bigendian = garray_ambigendian();
    x->x_onsetframes = (onsetframes > 0 ? onsetframes : 0);
    x->x_skipheaderbytes = (headerbytes > 0 ? headerbytes : 
    	(headerbytes == 0 ? -1 : 0));
    x->x_sfchannels = (channels >= 1 ? channels : 1);
    x->x_bytespersample = (bytespersamp > 2 ? bytespersamp : 2);
    x->x_eof = 0;
    x->x_fileerror = 0;
    x->x_state = STATE_STARTUP;
    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
}

static void readsf_dsp(t_readsf *x, t_signal **sp)
{
    int i, noutlets = x->x_noutlets;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    x->x_vecsize = sp[0]->s_n;
    
    x->x_sigperiod = (x->x_fifosize /
    	(x->x_bytespersample * x->x_sfchannels * x->x_vecsize));
    for (i = 0; i < noutlets; i++)
    	x->x_outvec[i] = sp[i]->s_vec;
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    dsp_add(readsf_perform, 1, x);
}

static void readsf_print(t_readsf *x)
{
    post("state %d", x->x_state);
    post("fifo head %d", x->x_fifohead);
    post("fifo tail %d", x->x_fifotail);
    post("fifo size %d", x->x_fifosize);
    post("fd %d", x->x_fd);
    post("eof %d", x->x_eof);
}

static void readsf_free(t_readsf *x)
{
    	/* request QUIT and wait for acknowledge */
    void *threadrtn;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_QUIT;
    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
    while (x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_NOTHING)
    {
	sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
    	sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_answercondition, &x->x_mutex);
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    if (pthread_join(x->x_childthread, &threadrtn))
    	error("readsf_free: join failed");
    
    pthread_cond_destroy(&x->x_requestcondition);
    pthread_cond_destroy(&x->x_answercondition);
    pthread_mutex_destroy(&x->x_mutex);
    freebytes(x->x_buf, x->x_bufsize);
    clock_free(x->x_clock);
}

static void readsf_setup(void)
{
    readsf_class = class_new(gensym("readsf~"), (t_newmethod)readsf_new, 
    	(t_method)readsf_free, sizeof(t_readsf), 0, A_DEFFLOAT, A_DEFFLOAT, 0);
    class_addfloat(readsf_class, (t_method)readsf_float);
    class_addmethod(readsf_class, (t_method)readsf_start, gensym("start"), 0);
    class_addmethod(readsf_class, (t_method)readsf_stop, gensym("stop"), 0);
    class_addmethod(readsf_class, (t_method)readsf_dsp, gensym("dsp"), 0);
    class_addmethod(readsf_class, (t_method)readsf_open, gensym("open"), 
    	A_GIMME, 0);
    class_addmethod(readsf_class, (t_method)readsf_print, gensym("print"), 0);
}

/******************************* writesf *******************/

static t_class *writesf_class;

#define t_writesf t_readsf  	/* just re-use the structure */

/************** the child thread which performs file I/O ***********/

static void *writesf_child_main(void *zz)
{
    t_writesf *x = zz;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    pute("1\n");
#endif
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    while (1)
    {
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	pute("0\n");
#endif
	if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_NOTHING)
	{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("wait 2\n");
#endif
	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
	    sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_requestcondition, &x->x_mutex);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("3\n");
#endif
	}
	else if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_OPEN)
	{
    	    char boo[80];
	    int fd, sysrtn, writebytes;
	    
	    	/* copy file stuff out of the data structure so we can
		relinquish the mutex while we're in open_soundfile(). */
	    long onsetframes = x->x_onsetframes;
	    long bytelimit = 0x7fffffff;
	    int skipheaderbytes = x->x_skipheaderbytes;
	    int bytespersample = x->x_bytespersample;
	    int sfchannels = x->x_sfchannels;
	    int bigendian = x->x_bigendian;
	    int filetype = x->x_filetype;
	    char *filename = x->x_filename;
	    t_canvas *canvas = x->x_canvas;
	    float samplerate = x->x_samplerate;

	    	/* alter the request code so that an ensuing "open" will get
		noticed. */
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("4\n");
#endif
	    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_BUSY;
	    x->x_fileerror = 0;

	    	/* if there's already a file open, close it */
	    if (x->x_fd >= 0)
	    {
	    	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    	    	close (x->x_fd);
    	    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
	    	x->x_fd = -1;
		if (x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_BUSY)
		    continue;
	    }
    	    	/* open the soundfile with the mutex unlocked */
	    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    	    fd = create_soundfile(canvas, filename, filetype, 0,
		    bytespersample, bigendian, sfchannels, 
		    	garray_ambigendian() != bigendian, samplerate);
	    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("5\n");
#endif

	    if (fd < 0)
	    {
    	    	x->x_fd = -1;
    	    	x->x_eof = 1;
    	    	x->x_fileerror = errno;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	pute("open failed\n");
    	    	pute(filename);
#endif
		x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_NOTHING;
		continue;
	    }
	    /* check if another request has been made; if so, field it */
	    if (x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_BUSY)
	    	continue;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    pute("6\n");
#endif
    	    x->x_fd = fd;
    	    x->x_fifotail = 0;
    	    x->x_itemswritten = 0;
	    x->x_swap = garray_ambigendian() != bigendian;	
    	    	/* in a loop, wait for the fifo to have data and write it
	    	    to disk */
	    while (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_BUSY ||
	    	(x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_CLOSE &&
		    x->x_fifohead != x->x_fifotail))
	    {
	    	int fifosize = x->x_fifosize, fifotail;
		char *buf = x->x_buf;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	pute("77\n");
#endif

		    /* if the head is < the tail, we can immediately write
		    from tail to end of fifo to disk; otherwise we hold off
		    writing until there are at least WRITESIZE bytes in the
		    buffer */
		if (x->x_fifohead < x->x_fifotail ||
		    x->x_fifohead >= x->x_fifotail + WRITESIZE
		    || (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_CLOSE &&
		    	x->x_fifohead != x->x_fifotail))
    	    	{
		    writebytes = (x->x_fifohead < x->x_fifotail ?
		    	fifosize : x->x_fifohead) - x->x_fifotail;
		    if (writebytes > READSIZE)
			writebytes = READSIZE;
		}
		else
		{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	    pute("wait 7a ...\n");
#endif
	    	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
		    pute("signalled\n");
#endif
		    sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_requestcondition,
			&x->x_mutex);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	    pute("7a done\n");
#endif
		    continue;
		}
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	pute("8\n");
#endif
		fifotail = x->x_fifotail;
		fd = x->x_fd;
	    	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
		sysrtn = write(fd, buf + fifotail, writebytes);
	    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
		if (x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_BUSY &&
	    	    x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_CLOSE)
		    	break;
		if (sysrtn < writebytes)
		{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
		    pute("fileerror\n");
#endif
	    	    x->x_fileerror = errno;
		    break;
		}
		else
		{
		    x->x_fifotail += sysrtn;
		    if (x->x_fifotail == fifosize)
    	    	    	x->x_fifotail = 0;
    	    	}
		x->x_itemswritten +=
		    sysrtn / (x->x_bytespersample * x->x_sfchannels);
    	    	sprintf(boo, "after: head %d, tail %d\n", 
    	    	    x->x_fifohead, x->x_fifotail);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    	    	pute(boo);
#endif
		    /* signal parent in case it's waiting for data */
		sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
	    }
	}
	else if (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_CLOSE ||
	    x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_QUIT)
	{
	    int quit = (x->x_requestcode == REQUEST_QUIT);
	    if (x->x_fd >= 0)
	    {
		int bytesperframe = x->x_bytespersample * x->x_sfchannels;
		int bigendian = x->x_bigendian;
		char *filename = x->x_filename;
		int fd = x->x_fd;
		int filetype = x->x_filetype;
		int itemswritten = x->x_itemswritten;
		int swap = x->x_swap;
	    	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);

		soundfile_finishwrite(x, filename, fd,
    	    	    filetype, 0x7fffffff, itemswritten,
		    bytesperframe, swap);
    	    	close (fd);

    	    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
	    	x->x_fd = -1;
	    }
	    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_NOTHING;
	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_answercondition);
	    if (quit)
	    	break;
	}
	else
	{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	    pute("13\n");
#endif
	}
    }
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    pute("thread exit\n");
#endif
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    return (0);
}

/******** the object proper runs in the calling (parent) thread ****/

static void writesf_tick(t_writesf *x);

static void *writesf_new(t_floatarg fnchannels, t_floatarg fbufsize)
{
    t_writesf *x;
    int nchannels = fnchannels, bufsize = fbufsize, i;
    char *buf;
    
    if (nchannels < 1)
    	nchannels = 1;
    else if (nchannels > MAXSFCHANS)
    	nchannels = MAXSFCHANS;
    if (bufsize <= 0) bufsize = DEFBUFPERCHAN * nchannels;
    else if (bufsize < MINBUFSIZE)
    	bufsize = MINBUFSIZE;
    else if (bufsize > MAXBUFSIZE)
    	bufsize = MAXBUFSIZE;
    buf = getbytes(bufsize);
    if (!buf) return (0);
    
    x = (t_writesf *)pd_new(writesf_class);
    
    for (i = 1; i < nchannels; i++)
    	inlet_new(&x->x_obj,  &x->x_obj.ob_pd, &s_signal, &s_signal);

    x->x_f = 0;
    x->x_sfchannels = nchannels;
    pthread_mutex_init(&x->x_mutex, 0);
    pthread_cond_init(&x->x_requestcondition, 0);
    pthread_cond_init(&x->x_answercondition, 0);
    x->x_vecsize = MAXVECSIZE;
    x->x_insamplerate = x->x_samplerate = 0;
    x->x_state = STATE_IDLE;
    x->x_clock = 0; 	/* no callback needed here */
    x->x_canvas = canvas_getcurrent();
    x->x_bytespersample = 2;
    x->x_fd = -1;
    x->x_buf = buf;
    x->x_bufsize = bufsize;
    x->x_fifosize = x->x_fifohead = x->x_fifotail = x->x_requestcode = 0;
    pthread_create(&x->x_childthread, 0, writesf_child_main, x);
    return (x);
}

static t_int *writesf_perform(t_int *w)
{
    t_writesf *x = (t_writesf *)(w[1]);
    int vecsize = x->x_vecsize, sfchannels = x->x_sfchannels, i, j,
    	bytespersample = x->x_bytespersample,
	bigendian = x->x_bigendian;
    float *fp;
    if (x->x_state == STATE_STREAM)
    {
    	int wantbytes;
    	pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
	wantbytes = sfchannels * vecsize * bytespersample;
	while (x->x_fifotail > x->x_fifohead &&
	    x->x_fifotail < x->x_fifohead + wantbytes + 1)
	{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	    pute("wait...\n");
#endif
	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
	    sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_answercondition, &x->x_mutex);
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	    pute("done\n");
#endif
	}

	soundfile_xferout(sfchannels, x->x_outvec,
    	    (unsigned char *)(x->x_buf + x->x_fifohead), vecsize, 0,
	    	bytespersample, bigendian, 1.);
	
	x->x_fifohead += wantbytes;
	if (x->x_fifohead >= x->x_fifosize)
	    x->x_fifohead = 0;
	if ((--x->x_sigcountdown) <= 0)
	{
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
	    pute("signal 1\n");
#endif
    	    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
	    x->x_sigcountdown = x->x_sigperiod;
	}
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    }
    return (w+2);
}

static void writesf_start(t_writesf *x)
{
    /* start making output.  If we're in the "startup" state change
    to the "running" state. */
    if (x->x_state == STATE_STARTUP)
	x->x_state = STATE_STREAM;
    else
	pd_error(x, "writesf: start requested with no prior 'open'");
}

static void writesf_stop(t_writesf *x)
{
    	/* LATER rethink whether you need the mutex just to set a Svariable? */
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    x->x_state = STATE_IDLE;
    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_CLOSE;
#ifdef DEBUG_SOUNDFILE
    pute("signal 2\n");
#endif
    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
}


    /* open method.  Called as: open [args] filename with args as in
    	soundfiler_writeargparse().
    */

static void writesf_open(t_writesf *x, t_symbol *s, int argc, t_atom *argv)
{
    t_symbol *filesym;
    int filetype, bytespersamp, swap, bigendian, normalize;
    long onset, nframes;
    float samplerate;
    if (soundfiler_writeargparse(x, &argc,
    	&argv, &filesym, &filetype, &bytespersamp, &swap, &bigendian,
        &normalize, &onset, &nframes, &samplerate))
    {
    	pd_error(x,
    	    "writesf~: usage: open [-bytes [234]] [-wave,-nextstep,-aiff] ...");
	post("... [-big,-little] [-rate ####] filename");
    }
    if (normalize || onset || (nframes != 0x7fffffff))
    	pd_error(x, "normalize/onset/nframes argument to writesf~: ignored");
    if (argc)
    	pd_error(x, "extra argument(s) to writesf~: ignored");
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    x->x_bytespersample = bytespersamp;
    x->x_swap = swap;
    x->x_bigendian = bigendian;
    x->x_filename = filesym->s_name;
    x->x_filetype = filetype;
    x->x_itemswritten = 0;
    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_OPEN;
    x->x_fifotail = 0;
    x->x_fifohead = 0;
    x->x_eof = 0;
    x->x_fileerror = 0;
    x->x_state = STATE_STARTUP;
    x->x_bytespersample = (bytespersamp > 2 ? bytespersamp : 2);
    if (samplerate > 0)
    	x->x_samplerate = samplerate;
    else if (x->x_insamplerate > 0)
    	x->x_samplerate = x->x_insamplerate;
    else x->x_samplerate = sys_getsr();
	/* set fifosize from bufsize.  fifosize must be a
	multiple of the number of bytes eaten for each DSP
	tick.  */
    x->x_fifosize = x->x_bufsize - (x->x_bufsize %
	(x->x_bytespersample * x->x_sfchannels * MAXVECSIZE));
	    /* arrange for the "request" condition to be signalled 16
	    times per buffer */
    x->x_sigcountdown = x->x_sigperiod =
	(x->x_fifosize /
	    (16 * x->x_bytespersample * x->x_sfchannels *
		x->x_vecsize));
    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
}

static void writesf_dsp(t_writesf *x, t_signal **sp)
{
    int i, ninlets = x->x_sfchannels;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    x->x_vecsize = sp[0]->s_n;
    
    x->x_sigperiod = (x->x_fifosize /
    	(x->x_bytespersample * ninlets * x->x_vecsize));
    for (i = 0; i < ninlets; i++)
    	x->x_outvec[i] = sp[i]->s_vec;
    x->x_insamplerate = sp[0]->s_sr;
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    dsp_add(writesf_perform, 1, x);
}

static void writesf_print(t_writesf *x)
{
    post("state %d", x->x_state);
    post("fifo head %d", x->x_fifohead);
    post("fifo tail %d", x->x_fifotail);
    post("fifo size %d", x->x_fifosize);
    post("fd %d", x->x_fd);
    post("eof %d", x->x_eof);
}

static void writesf_free(t_writesf *x)
{
    	/* request QUIT and wait for acknowledge */
    void *threadrtn;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&x->x_mutex);
    x->x_requestcode = REQUEST_QUIT;
    /* post("stopping writesf thread..."); */
    sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
    while (x->x_requestcode != REQUEST_NOTHING)
    {
    	/* post("signalling..."); */
	sfread_cond_signal(&x->x_requestcondition);
    	sfread_cond_wait(&x->x_answercondition, &x->x_mutex);
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&x->x_mutex);
    if (pthread_join(x->x_childthread, &threadrtn))
    	error("writesf_free: join failed");
    /* post("... done."); */
    
    pthread_cond_destroy(&x->x_requestcondition);
    pthread_cond_destroy(&x->x_answercondition);
    pthread_mutex_destroy(&x->x_mutex);
    freebytes(x->x_buf, x->x_bufsize);
}

static void writesf_setup(void)
{
    writesf_class = class_new(gensym("writesf~"), (t_newmethod)writesf_new, 
    	(t_method)writesf_free, sizeof(t_writesf), 0, A_DEFFLOAT, A_DEFFLOAT, 0);
    class_addmethod(writesf_class, (t_method)writesf_start, gensym("start"), 0);
    class_addmethod(writesf_class, (t_method)writesf_stop, gensym("stop"), 0);
    class_addmethod(writesf_class, (t_method)writesf_dsp, gensym("dsp"), 0);
    class_addmethod(writesf_class, (t_method)writesf_open, gensym("open"), 
    	A_GIMME, 0);
    class_addmethod(writesf_class, (t_method)writesf_print, gensym("print"), 0);
    CLASS_MAINSIGNALIN(writesf_class, t_writesf, x_f);
}

#endif

/* ------------------------ global setup routine ------------------------- */

void d_soundfile_setup(void)
{
    soundfiler_setup();
#ifndef FIXEDPOINT
    readsf_setup();
    writesf_setup();
#endif
}