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/***************************************************************************
 *             __________               __   ___.
 *   Open      \______   \ ____   ____ |  | _\_ |__   _______  ___
 *   Source     |       _//  _ \_/ ___\|  |/ /| __ \ /  _ \  \/  /
 *   Jukebox    |    |   (  <_> )  \___|    < | \_\ (  <_> > <  <
 *   Firmware   |____|_  /\____/ \___  >__|_ \|___  /\____/__/\_ \
 *                     \/            \/     \/    \/            \/
 * $Id$
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2003 by Jrg Hohensohn
 *
 * Second-level bootloader, with dual-boot feature by holding F1/Menu
 * This is the image being descrambled and executed by the boot ROM.
 * It's task is to copy Rockbox from Flash to DRAM.
 * The image(s) in flash may optionally be compressed with UCL 2e
 *
 * All files in this archive are subject to the GNU General Public License.
 * See the file COPYING in the source tree root for full license agreement.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ****************************************************************************/

#include "sh7034.h"
#include "bootloader.h"


#ifdef NO_ROM
/* start with the vector table */
UINT32 vectors[] __attribute__ ((section (".vectors"))) =
{
    (UINT32)_main,           /* entry point, the copy routine */
    (UINT32)(end_stack - 1), /* initial stack pointer */
    FLASH_BASE + 0x200,      /* source of image in flash */
    (UINT32)total_size,      /* size of image */
    0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
    0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
    0x03020080 /* mask and version (just as a suggestion) */
};
#else
/* our binary has to start with a vector to the entry point */
tpMain start_vector[] __attribute__ ((section (".startvector"))) = {main};
#endif

#ifdef NO_ROM /* some code which is only needed for the romless variant */
void _main(void)
{
    UINT32* pSrc;
    UINT32* pDest;
    UINT32* pEnd;
/*
    asm volatile ("ldc %0,sr" : : "r"(0xF0)); // disable interrupts
    asm volatile ("mov.l @%0,r15" : : "r"(4)); // load stack
    asm volatile ("ldc %0,vbr" : : "r"(0)); // load vector base
*/
    /* copy everything to IRAM and continue there */
    pSrc = begin_iramcopy;
    pDest = begin_text;
    pEnd = pDest + (begin_stack - begin_text);

    do
    {
        *pDest++ = *pSrc++;
    }
    while (pDest < pEnd);

    main(); /* jump to the real main() */
}


void BootInit(void)
{
    /* inits from the boot ROM, whether they make sense or not */
    PBDR  &= 0xFFBF; /* LED off (0x131E) */
    PBCR2  = 0;      /* all GPIO */
    PBIOR |= 0x0040; /* LED output */
    PBIOR &= 0xFFF1; /* LCD lines input */

    /* init DRAM like the boot ROM does */
    PACR2 &= 0xFFFB;
    PACR2 |= 0x0008;
    CASCR  = 0xAF;
    BCR   |= 0x8000;
    WCR1  &= 0xFDFD;
    DCR    = 0x0E00;
    RCR    = 0x5AB0;
    RTCOR  = 0x9605;
    RTCSR  = 0xA518;
}
#endif /* #ifdef NO_ROM */


int main(void)
{
    int nButton;

    PlatformInit(); /* model-specific inits */

    nButton = ButtonPressed();

    if (nButton == 3)
    {   /* F3 means start monitor */
        MiniMon();
    }
    else
    {
        tImage* pImage;
        pImage = GetStartImage(nButton); /* which image */
        DecompressStart(pImage); /* move into place and start it */
    }

    return 0; /* I guess we won't return  ;-) */
}


/* init code that is specific to certain platform */
void PlatformInit(void)
{
#ifdef NO_ROM
    BootInit(); /* if not started by boot ROM, we need to init what it did */
#endif

#if defined PLATFORM_PLAYER
    BRR1   = 0x19;   /* 14400 Baud for monitor */
    PACR2 &= 0xFFFC; /* GPIO for PA0 (charger detection, input by default) */
    if (FW_VERSION > 451 && (PADRL & 0x01))
    {   /* "new" Player and charger not plugged? */
        PBDR  |= 0x0010; /* set PB4 to 1 to power-up the harddisk early */
        PBIOR |= 0x0010; /* make PB4 an output */
    }
#elif defined PLATFORM_RECORDER
    BRR1 = 0x02;     /* 115200 Baud for monitor */
    if (ReadADC(7) > 0x100) /* charger plugged? */
    {   /* switch off the HD, else a flat battery may not start */
        PACR2 &= 0xFBFF; /* GPIO for PA5 */
        PAIOR |= 0x0020; /* make PA5 an output (low by default) */
    }
#elif defined PLATFORM_FM
    BRR1   = 0x02;   /* 115200 Baud for monitor */
    PBDR  |= 0x0020; /* set PB5 to keep power (fixes the ON-holding problem) */
    PBIOR |= 0x0020; /* make PB5 an output */
    if (ReadADC(0) < 0x1FF) /* charger plugged? */
    {   /* switch off the HD, else a flat battery may not start */
        PACR2 &= 0xFBFF; /* GPIO for PA5 */
        PAIOR |= 0x0020; /* make PA5 an output (low by default) */
    }
#elif defined PLATFORM_ONDIO
    BRR1   = 0x19;   /* 14400 Baud for monitor */
    PBDR  |= 0x0020; /* set PB5 to keep power (fixes the ON-holding problem) */
    PBIOR |= 0x0020; /* make PB5 an output */
#endif

    /* platform-independent inits */
    DCR |= 0x1000; /* enable burst mode on DRAM */
    BCR |= 0x2000; /* activate Warp mode (simultaneous internal and external
                    * mem access) */
}


/* Thinned out version of the UCL 2e decompression sourcecode
 * Original (C) Markus F.X.J Oberhumer under GNU GPL license */
#define GETBIT(bb, src, ilen) \
    (((bb = bb & 0x7f ? bb*2 : ((unsigned)src[ilen++]*2+1)) >> 8) & 1)

int ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8(
    const UINT8 *src, UINT8 *dst, UINT32* dst_len)
{
    UINT32 bb = 0;
    unsigned ilen = 0, olen = 0, last_m_off = 1;

    for (;;)
    {
        unsigned m_off, m_len;

        while (GETBIT(bb,src,ilen))
        {
            dst[olen++] = src[ilen++];
        }
        m_off = 1;
        for (;;)
        {
            m_off = m_off*2 + GETBIT(bb,src,ilen);
            if (GETBIT(bb,src,ilen)) break;
            m_off = (m_off-1)*2 + GETBIT(bb,src,ilen);
        }
        if (m_off == 2)
        {
            m_off = last_m_off;
            m_len = GETBIT(bb,src,ilen);
        }
        else
        {
            m_off = (m_off-3)*256 + src[ilen++];
            if (m_off == 0xffffffff)
                break;
            m_len = (m_off ^ 0xffffffff) & 1;
            m_off >>= 1;
            last_m_off = ++m_off;
        }
        if (m_len)
            m_len = 1 + GETBIT(bb,src,ilen);
        else if (GETBIT(bb,src,ilen))
            m_len = 3 + GETBIT(bb,src,ilen);
        else
        {
            m_len++;
            do {
                m_len = m_len*2 + GETBIT(bb,src,ilen);
            } while (!GETBIT(bb,src,ilen));
            m_len += 3;
        }
        m_len += (m_off > 0x500);
        {
            const UINT8 *m_pos;
            m_pos = dst + olen - m_off;
            dst[olen++] = *m_pos++;
            do dst[olen++] = *m_pos++; while (--m_len > 0);
        }
    }
    *dst_len = olen;

    return ilen;
}


/* move the image into place and start it */
void DecompressStart(tImage* pImage)
{
    UINT32* pSrc;
    UINT32* pDest;

    pSrc = pImage->image;
    pDest = pImage->pDestination;

    if (pSrc != pDest) /* if not linked to that flash address */
    {
        if (pImage->flags & IF_UCL_2E)
        {   /* UCL compressed, algorithm 2e */
            UINT32 dst_len; /* dummy */
            ucl_nrv2e_decompress_8((UINT8*)pSrc, (UINT8*)pDest, &dst_len);
        }
        else
        {   /* uncompressed, copy it */
            UINT32 size = pImage->size;
            UINT32* pEnd;
            size = (size + 3) / 4; /* round up to 32bit-words */
            pEnd = pDest + size;

            do
            {
                *pDest++ = *pSrc++;
            }
            while (pDest < pEnd);
        }
    }

    pImage->pExecute();
}

#ifdef USE_ADC
int ReadADC(int channel)
{
    /* after channel 3, the ports wrap and get re-used */
    volatile UINT16* pResult = (UINT16*)(ADDRAH_ADDR + 2 * (channel & 0x03));
    int timeout = 266; /* conversion takes 266 clock cycles */

    ADCSR = 0x20 | channel; /* start single conversion */
    while (((ADCSR & 0x80) == 0) && (--timeout)); /* 6 instructions per round*/

    return (timeout == 0) ? -1 : *pResult>>6;
}
#endif


/* This function is platform-dependent,
 * until I figure out how to distinguish at runtime. */
int ButtonPressed(void) /* return 1,2,3 for F1,F2,F3, 0 if none pressed */
{
#ifdef USE_ADC
    int value = ReadADC(CHANNEL);

    if (value >= F1_LOWER && value <= F1_UPPER) /* in range */
        return 1;
    else if (value >= F2_LOWER && value <= F2_UPPER) /* in range */
        return 2;
    else if (value >= F3_LOWER && value <= F3_UPPER) /* in range */
        return 3;
#else
    int value = PCDR;

    if (!(value & F1_MASK))
        return 1;
    else if (!(value & F2_MASK))
        return 2;
    else if (!(value & F3_MASK))
        return 3;
#endif

    return 0;
}


/* Determine the image to be started */
tImage* GetStartImage(int nPreferred)
{
    tImage* pImage1;
    tImage* pImage2 = NULL; /* default to not present */
    UINT32 pos;
    UINT32* pFlash = (UINT32*)FLASH_BASE;

    /* determine the first image position */
    pos = pFlash[2] + pFlash[3]; /* position + size of the bootloader
                                  * = after it */
    pos = (pos + 3) & ~3; /* be sure it's 32 bit aligned */

    pImage1 = (tImage*)pos;

    if (pImage1->size != 0)
    {   /* check for second image */
        pos = (UINT32)(&pImage1->image) + pImage1->size;
        pImage2 = (tImage*)pos;

        /* does it make sense? (not in FF or 00 erazed space) */
        if (pImage2->pDestination == (void*)0xFFFFFFFF
         || pImage2->size == 0xFFFFFFFF
         || pImage2->pExecute == (void*)0xFFFFFFFF
         || pImage2->flags == 0xFFFFFFFF
         || pImage2->pDestination == NULL)
         /* size, execute and flags can legally be 0 */
        {
            pImage2 = NULL; /* invalidate */
        }
    }

    if (pImage2 == NULL || nPreferred == 1)
    {   /* no second image or overridden: return the first */
        return pImage1;
    }

    return pImage2; /* return second image */
}

/* diagnostic functions */

void SetLed(BOOL bOn)
{
    if (bOn)
        PBDR |= 0x0040;
    else
        PBDR &= ~0x0040;
}


void UartInit(void)
{
    PBIOR &= 0xFBFF; /* input: RXD1 remote pin */
    PBCR1 |= 0x00A0; /* set PB11+PB10 to UART */
    PBCR1 &= 0xFFAF; /* clear bits 6, 4 -> UART */
    SMR1   = 0x00;   /* async format 8N1, baud generator input is CPU clock */
    SCR1   = 0x30;   /* transmit+receive enable */
    PBCR1 &= 0x00FF; /* set bit 12...15 as GPIO */
    SSR1  &= 0xBF;   /* clear bit 6 (RDRF, receive data register full) */
}


UINT8 UartRead(void)
{
    UINT8 byte;
    while (!(SSR1 & SCI_RDRF)); /* wait for char to be available */
    byte = RDR1;
    SSR1 &= ~SCI_RDRF;
    return byte;
}


void UartWrite(UINT8 byte)
{
    while (!(SSR1 & SCI_TDRE)); /* wait for transmit buffer empty */
    TDR1 = byte;
    SSR1 &= ~SCI_TDRE;
}


/* include the mini monitor as a rescue feature, started with F3 */
void MiniMon(void)
{
    UINT8 cmd;
    UINT32 addr;
    UINT32 size;
    UINT32 content;
    volatile UINT8* paddr = NULL;
    volatile UINT8* pflash = NULL; /* flash base address */

    UartInit();

    while (1)
    {
        cmd = UartRead();
        switch (cmd)
        {
        case BAUDRATE:
            content = UartRead();
            UartWrite(cmd); /* acknowledge by returning the command value */
            while (!(SSR1 & SCI_TEND)); /* wait for empty shift register,
                                         * before changing baudrate */
            BRR1 = content;
            break;

        case ADDRESS:
            addr = (UartRead() << 24) | (UartRead() << 16)
                  | (UartRead() << 8) | UartRead();
            paddr = (UINT8*)addr;
            pflash = (UINT8*)(addr & 0xFFF80000); /* round down to 512k align*/
            UartWrite(cmd); /* acknowledge by returning the command value */
            break;

        case BYTE_READ:
            content = *paddr++;
            UartWrite(content); /* the content is the ack */
            break;

        case BYTE_WRITE:
            content = UartRead();
            *paddr++ = content;
            UartWrite(cmd); /* acknowledge by returning the command value */
            break;

        case BYTE_READ16:
            size = 16;
            while (size--)
            {
                content = *paddr++;
                UartWrite(content); /* the content is the ack */
            }
            break;

        case BYTE_WRITE16:
            size = 16;
            while (size--)
            {
                content = UartRead();
                *paddr++ = content;
            }
            UartWrite(cmd); /* acknowledge by returning the command value */
            break;

        case BYTE_FLASH:
            content = UartRead();
            pflash[0x5555] = 0xAA; /* set flash to command mode */
            pflash[0x2AAA] = 0x55;
            pflash[0x5555] = 0xA0; /* byte program command */
            *paddr++ = content;
            UartWrite(cmd); /* acknowledge by returning the command value */
            break;

        case BYTE_FLASH16:
            size = 16;
            while (size--)
            {
                content = UartRead();
                pflash[0x5555] = 0xAA; /* set flash to command mode */
                pflash[0x2AAA] = 0x55;
                pflash[0x5555] = 0xA0; /* byte program command */
                *paddr++ = content;
            }
            UartWrite(cmd); /* acknowledge by returning the command value */
            break;

        case HALFWORD_READ:
            content = *(UINT16*)paddr;
            paddr += 2;
            UartWrite(content >> 8);   /* highbyte */
            UartWrite(content & 0xFF); /* lowbyte */
            break;

        case HALFWORD_WRITE:
            content = UartRead() << 8 | UartRead();
            *(UINT16*)paddr = content;
            paddr += 2;
            UartWrite(cmd); /* acknowledge by returning the command value */
            break;

        case EXECUTE:
            {
                tpFunc pFunc = (tpFunc)paddr;
                pFunc();
                UartWrite(cmd); /* acknowledge by returning the command value*/
            }
            break;

        case VERSION:
            UartWrite(1); /* return our version number */
            break;

        default:
            {
                SetLed(TRUE);
                UartWrite(~cmd); /* error acknowledge */
            }

        } /* case */
    } /* while (1) */
}