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/*

mkamsboot.c - a tool for merging bootloader code into an Sansa V2
              (AMS) firmware file

Copyright (C) Dave Chapman 2008

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110, USA

*/


/*

Insert a Rockbox bootloader into an AMS original firmware file.

We replace the main firmware block (bytes 0x400..0x400+firmware_size)
as follows:


 ---------------------  0x0
|                     |
| Rockbox bootloader  |
|                     |
|---------------------|
|    EMPTY SPACE      |
|---------------------|
| ucl unpack function |
|---------------------|
|                     |
| compressed OF image |
|                     |
|                     |
 ---------------------

This entire block fits into the space previously occupied by the main
firmware block, and gives about 40KB of space to store the Rockbox
bootloader.  This could be increased if we also UCL compress the
Rockbox bootloader.

mkamsboot then corrects the checksums and writes a new legal firmware
file which can be installed on the device.

Our bootloader first checks for the "dual-boot" keypress, and then either:

a) Copies the ucl unpack function and compressed OF image to an unused
   part of RAM and then branches to the ucl_unpack function, which
   will then branch to 0x0 after decompressing the OF to that location.

b) Continues running with our test code

*/


#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>


/* Win32 compatibility */
#ifndef O_BINARY
#define O_BINARY 0
#endif


#define PAD_TO_BOUNDARY(x) (((x) + 0x1ff) & ~0x1ff)


/* This magic should appear at the start of any UCL file */
static const unsigned char uclmagic[] = {
    0x00, 0xe9, 0x55, 0x43, 0x4c, 0xff, 0x01, 0x1a
};


static off_t filesize(int fd) {
    struct stat buf;

    if (fstat(fd,&buf) < 0) {
        perror("[ERR]  Checking filesize of input file");
        return -1;
    } else {
        return(buf.st_size);
    }
}

static uint32_t get_uint32le(unsigned char* p)
{
    return p[0] | (p[1] << 8) | (p[2] << 16) | (p[3] << 24);
}

static uint32_t get_uint32be(unsigned char* p)
{
    return (p[0] << 24) | (p[1] << 16) | (p[2] << 8) | p[3];

}

static void put_uint32le(unsigned char* p, uint32_t x)
{
    p[0] = x & 0xff;
    p[1] = (x >> 8) & 0xff;
    p[2] = (x >> 16) & 0xff;
    p[3] = (x >> 24) & 0xff;
}

static int calc_checksum(unsigned char* buf, uint32_t n)
{
    uint32_t sum = 0;
    uint32_t i;

    for (i=0;i<n;i+=4)
        sum += get_uint32le(buf + i);

    return sum;
}

void usage(void)
{
    printf("Usage: mkamsboot <firmware file> <ucl image> <boot file> <ucl unpack file> <output file>\n");

    exit(1);
}

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    char *infile, *uclfile, *bootfile, *uclunpackfile, *outfile;
    int fdin, fducl, fdboot, fduclunpack, fdout;
    off_t len;
    unsigned char uclheader[26];
    uint32_t n;
    unsigned char* buf;
    uint32_t firmware_size;
    uint32_t firmware_paddedsize;
    uint32_t bootloader_size;
    uint32_t ucl_size;
    uint32_t ucl_paddedsize;
    uint32_t uclunpack_size;
    uint32_t sum,filesum;
    uint32_t i;

    if(argc != 6) {
        usage();
    }

    infile = argv[1];
    uclfile = argv[2];
    bootfile = argv[3];
    uclunpackfile = argv[4];
    outfile = argv[5];

    /* Open the bootloader file */
    fdboot = open(bootfile, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
    if (fdboot < 0)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Could not open %s for reading\n",bootfile);
        return 1;
    }

    bootloader_size = filesize(fdboot);


    /* Open the UCL-compressed image of the firmware block */
    fduclunpack = open(uclunpackfile, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
    if (fduclunpack < 0)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Could not open %s for reading\n",uclunpackfile);
        return 1;
    }

    uclunpack_size = filesize(fduclunpack);


    /* Open the UCL-compressed image of the firmware block */
    fducl = open(uclfile, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
    if (fducl < 0)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Could not open %s for reading\n",uclfile);
        return 1;
    }

    /* Some UCL file sanity checks */
    n = read(fducl, uclheader, sizeof(uclheader));

    if (n != sizeof(uclheader)) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Could not read header from UCL file\n");
        return 1;
    }

    if (memcmp(uclmagic, uclheader, sizeof(uclmagic))!=0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Invalid UCL file\n");
        return 1;
    }

    if (uclheader[12] != 0x2e) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Unsupported UCL compression format (0x%02x) - only 0x2e supported.\n",uclheader[12]);
        return 1;
    }
    ucl_size = get_uint32be(&uclheader[22]) + 8;
    ucl_paddedsize = (ucl_size + 3) & ~0x3;

    if (ucl_size + 26 > (unsigned)filesize(fducl)) {
        fprintf(stderr, "[ERR]  Size mismatch in UCL file\n");
        return 1;
    }

    /* Open the firmware file */
    fdin = open(infile,O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);

    if (fdin < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Could not open %s for reading\n",infile);
        return 1;
    }

    if ((len = filesize(fdin)) < 0)
        return 1;

    /* Allocate memory for the OF image - we don't change the size */
    if ((buf = malloc(len)) == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Could not allocate buffer for input file (%d bytes)\n",(int)len);
        return 1;
    }

    n = read(fdin, buf, len);

    if (n != (uint32_t)len) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not read firmware file\n");
        return 1;
    }

    close(fdin);

    /* Get the firmware size */
    firmware_size = get_uint32le(&buf[0x0c]);

    /* Round size up to next multiple of 0x200 */

    firmware_paddedsize = PAD_TO_BOUNDARY(firmware_size);

    fprintf(stderr,"Original firmware size - %d bytes\n",firmware_size);
    fprintf(stderr,"Padded firmware size - %d bytes\n",firmware_paddedsize);
    fprintf(stderr,"Bootloader size - %d bytes\n",bootloader_size);
    fprintf(stderr,"UCL image size - %d bytes (%d bytes padded)\n",ucl_size,ucl_paddedsize);
    fprintf(stderr,"UCL unpack function size - %d bytes\n",uclunpack_size);
    fprintf(stderr,"Original total size of firmware - %d bytes\n",(int)len);

    /* Check we have room for our bootloader - in the future, we could UCL
       pack this image as well if we need to. */
    if (bootloader_size > (firmware_size - ucl_paddedsize - uclunpack_size)) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Bootloader too large (%d bytes, %d available)\n",
                bootloader_size, firmware_size - ucl_paddedsize - uclunpack_size);
        return 1;
    }

    /* Zero the original firmware area - not needed, but helps debugging */
    memset(buf + 0x400, 0, firmware_size);

    /* Locate our bootloader code at the start of the firmware block */
    n = read(fdboot, buf + 0x400, bootloader_size);

    if (n != bootloader_size) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not load bootloader file\n");
        return 1;
    }
    close(fdboot);

    /* Locate the compressed image of the original firmware block at the end
       of the firmware block */
    n = read(fducl, buf + 0x400 + firmware_size - ucl_paddedsize, ucl_size);

    if (n != ucl_size) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not load ucl file\n");
        return 1;
    }
    close(fducl);


    /* Locate our UCL unpack function before copy of the compressed firmware */
    n = read(fduclunpack, buf + 0x400 + firmware_size - ucl_paddedsize - uclunpack_size, uclunpack_size);

    if (n != uclunpack_size) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR] Could not load uclunpack file\n");
        return 1;
    }
    close(fduclunpack);

    put_uint32le(&buf[0x420], 0x40000 - ucl_paddedsize - uclunpack_size + 1);  /* UCL unpack entry point */
    put_uint32le(&buf[0x424], 0x40000 - ucl_paddedsize);  /* Location of OF */
    put_uint32le(&buf[0x428], ucl_size);           /* Size of UCL image */
    put_uint32le(&buf[0x42c], firmware_size - uclunpack_size - ucl_paddedsize);  /* Start of data to copy */
    put_uint32le(&buf[0x430], uclunpack_size + ucl_paddedsize);           /* Size of data to copy */

    /* Update checksum */
    sum = calc_checksum(buf + 0x400,firmware_size);

    put_uint32le(&buf[0x04], sum);
    put_uint32le(&buf[0x204], sum);

    /* Update the whole-file checksum */
    filesum = 0;
    for (i=0;i < (unsigned)len - 4; i+=4)
        filesum += get_uint32le(&buf[i]);

    put_uint32le(buf + len - 4, filesum);


    /* Write the new firmware */
    fdout = open(outfile, O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_WRONLY|O_BINARY,0666);

    if (fdout < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Could not open %s for writing\n",outfile);
        return 1;
    }

    n = write(fdout, buf, len);

    if (n != (unsigned)len) {
        fprintf(stderr,"[ERR]  Could not write firmware file\n");
        return 1;
    }

    close(fdout);

    return 0;

}