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path: root/tools/scramble.c
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/***************************************************************************
 *             __________               __   ___.
 *   Open      \______   \ ____   ____ |  | _\_ |__   _______  ___
 *   Source     |       _//  _ \_/ ___\|  |/ /| __ \ /  _ \  \/  /
 *   Jukebox    |    |   (  <_> )  \___|    < | \_\ (  <_> > <  <
 *   Firmware   |____|_  /\____/ \___  >__|_ \|___  /\____/__/\_ \
 *                     \/            \/     \/    \/            \/
 * $Id$
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2002 by Björn Stenberg
 *
 * All files in this archive are subject to the GNU General Public License.
 * See the file COPYING in the source tree root for full license agreement.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ****************************************************************************/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "iriver.h"

int iaudio_encode(char *iname, char *oname, char *idstring);

enum
{
    ARCHOS_PLAYER, /* and V1 recorder */
    ARCHOS_V2RECORDER,
    ARCHOS_FMRECORDER,
    ARCHOS_ONDIO_SP,
    ARCHOS_ONDIO_FM
};

int size_limit[] =
{
    0x32000, /* ARCHOS_PLAYER */
    0x64000, /* ARCHOS_V2RECORDER */
    0x64000, /* ARCHOS_FMRECORDER */
    0x64000, /* ARCHOS_ONDIO_SP */
    0x64000  /* ARCHOS_ONDIO_FM */
};

void int2le(unsigned int val, unsigned char* addr)
{
    addr[0] = val & 0xFF;
    addr[1] = (val >> 8) & 0xff;
    addr[2] = (val >> 16) & 0xff;
    addr[3] = (val >> 24) & 0xff;
}

void int2be(unsigned int val, unsigned char* addr)
{
    addr[0] = (val >> 24) & 0xff;
    addr[1] = (val >> 16) & 0xff;
    addr[2] = (val >> 8) & 0xff;
    addr[3] = val & 0xFF;
}

void usage(void)
{
    printf("usage: scramble [options] <input file> <output file> [xor string]\n");
    printf("options:\n"
           "\t-fm     Archos FM recorder format\n"
           "\t-v2     Archos V2 recorder format\n"
           "\t-ofm    Archos Ondio FM recorder format\n"
           "\t-osp    Archos Ondio SP format\n"
           "\t-neo    SSI Neo format\n"
           "\t-mm=X   Archos Multimedia format (X values: A=JBMM, B=AV1xx, C=AV3xx)\n"
           "\t-iriver iRiver format\n"
           "\t-iaudiox5 iAudio X5 format\n"
           "\t-iaudiox5v iAudio X5V format\n"
           "\t-add=X  Rockbox generic \"add-up\" checksum format\n"
           "\t        (X values: h100, h120, h140, h300, ipco, nano, ipvd\n"
           "\t                   ip3g, ip4g, mini, x5)\n"
           "\nNo option results in Archos standard player/recorder format.\n");

    exit(1);
}

int main (int argc, char** argv)
{
    unsigned long length,i,slen;
    unsigned char *inbuf,*outbuf;
    unsigned short crc=0;
    unsigned long chksum=0; /* 32 bit checksum */
    unsigned char header[24];
    char *iname = argv[1];
    char *oname = argv[2];
    char *xorstring;
    int headerlen = 6;
    FILE* file;
    int version;
    unsigned long modelnum;
    char modelname[5];
    int model_id;
    enum { none, scramble, xor, add } method = scramble;

    model_id = ARCHOS_PLAYER;
    
    if (argc < 3) {
        usage();
    }

    if(!strcmp(argv[1], "-fm")) {
        headerlen = 24;
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        version = 4;
        model_id = ARCHOS_FMRECORDER;
    }
    
    else if(!strcmp(argv[1], "-v2")) {
        headerlen = 24;
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        version = 2;
        model_id = ARCHOS_V2RECORDER;
    }

    else if(!strcmp(argv[1], "-ofm")) {
        headerlen = 24;
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        version = 8;
        model_id = ARCHOS_ONDIO_FM;
    }

    else if(!strcmp(argv[1], "-osp")) {
        headerlen = 24;
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        version = 16;
        model_id = ARCHOS_ONDIO_SP;
    }

    else if(!strcmp(argv[1], "-neo")) {
        headerlen = 17;
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        method = none;
    }
    else if(!strncmp(argv[1], "-mm=", 4)) {
        headerlen = 16;
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        method = xor;
        version = argv[1][4];
        if (argc > 4)
            xorstring = argv[4];
        else {
            printf("Multimedia needs an xor string\n");
            return -1;
        }
    }
    else if(!strncmp(argv[1], "-add=", 5)) {
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        method = add;

        if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "h120"))
            modelnum = 0;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "h140"))
            modelnum = 0; /* the same as the h120 */
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "h100"))
            modelnum = 1;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "h300"))
            modelnum = 2;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "ipco"))
            modelnum = 3;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "nano"))
            modelnum = 4;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "ipvd"))
            modelnum = 5;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "fp7x"))
            modelnum = 6;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "ip3g"))
            modelnum = 7;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "ip4g"))
            modelnum = 8;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "mini"))
            modelnum = 9;
        else if(!strcmp(&argv[1][5], "iax5"))
            modelnum = 10;
        else {
            fprintf(stderr, "unsupported model: %s\n", &argv[1][5]);
            return 2;
        }
        /* we store a 4-letter model name too, for humans */
        strcpy(modelname, &argv[1][5]);
        chksum = modelnum; /* start checksum calcs with this */
    }

    else if(!strcmp(argv[1], "-iriver")) {
        /* iRiver code dealt with in the iriver.c code */
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        iriver_encode(iname, oname, FALSE);
        return 0;
    }
    else if(!strcmp(argv[1], "-iaudiox5")) {
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        return iaudio_encode(iname, oname, "COWON_X5_FW");
    }
    else if(!strcmp(argv[1], "-iaudiox5v")) {
        iname = argv[2];
        oname = argv[3];
        return iaudio_encode(iname, oname, "COWON_X5V_FW");
    }
    
    /* open file */
    file = fopen(iname,"rb");
    if (!file) {
       perror(iname);
       return -1;
    }
    fseek(file,0,SEEK_END);
    length = ftell(file);
    length = (length + 3) & ~3; /* Round up to nearest 4 byte boundary */
    
    if ((method == scramble) &&
        ((length + headerlen) >= size_limit[model_id])) {
        printf("error: firmware image is %d bytes while max size is %d!\n",
               length + headerlen,
               size_limit[model_id]);
        fclose(file);
        return -1;
    }

    fseek(file,0,SEEK_SET); 
    inbuf = malloc(length);
    if (method == xor)
        outbuf = malloc(length*2);
    else if(method == add)
        outbuf = malloc(length + 8);
    else
        outbuf = malloc(length);
    if ( !inbuf || !outbuf ) {
       printf("out of memory!\n");
       return -1;
    }
    if(length> 4) {
        /* zero-fill the last 4 bytes to make sure there's no rubbish there
           when we write the size-aligned file later */
        memset(outbuf+length-4, 0, 4);
    }

    /* read file */
    i=fread(inbuf,1,length,file);
    if ( !i ) {
       perror(iname);
       return -1;
    }
    fclose(file);

    switch (method)
    {
        case add:
            for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
                /* add 8 unsigned bits but keep a 32 bit sum */
                chksum += inbuf[i];
            }
            break;
        case scramble:
            slen = length/4;
            for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
                unsigned long addr = (i >> 2) + ((i % 4) * slen);
                unsigned char data = inbuf[i];
                data = ~((data << 1) | ((data >> 7) & 1)); /* poor man's ROL */
                outbuf[addr] = data;
            }
            break;

        case xor:
            /* "compress" */
            slen = 0;
            for (i=0; i<length; i++) {
                if (!(i&7))
                    outbuf[slen++] = 0xff; /* all data is uncompressed */
                outbuf[slen++] = inbuf[i];
            }
            break;
    }

    if(method != add) {
        /* calculate checksum */
        for (i=0;i<length;i++)
            crc += inbuf[i];
    }

    memset(header, 0, sizeof header);
    switch (method)
    {
        case add:
        {
            int2be(chksum, header); /* checksum, big-endian */
            memcpy(&header[4], modelname, 4); /* 4 bytes model name */
            memcpy(outbuf, inbuf, length); /* the input buffer to output*/
            headerlen = 8;
        }
        break;
        case scramble:
            if (headerlen == 6) {
                int2be(length, header);
                header[4] = (crc >> 8) & 0xff;
                header[5] = crc & 0xff;
            }
            else {
                header[0] =
                    header[1] =
                    header[2] =
                    header[3] = 0xff; /* ??? */
                
                header[6] = (crc >> 8) & 0xff;
                header[7] = crc & 0xff;
                
                header[11] = version;
                
                header[15] = headerlen; /* really? */
                
                int2be(length, &header[20]);
            }
            break;

        case xor:
        {
            int xorlen = strlen(xorstring);

            /* xor data */
            for (i=0; i<slen; i++)
                outbuf[i] ^= xorstring[i & (xorlen-1)];
            
            /* calculate checksum */
            for (i=0; i<slen; i++)
                crc += outbuf[i];

            header[0] = header[2] = 'Z';
            header[1] = header[3] = version;
            int2le(length, &header[4]);
            int2le(slen, &header[8]);
            int2le(crc, &header[12]);
            length = slen;
            break;
        }

#define MY_FIRMWARE_TYPE "Rockbox"
#define MY_HEADER_VERSION 1
        default:
            strncpy((char *)header, MY_FIRMWARE_TYPE,9);
            header[9]='\0'; /*shouldn't have to, but to be SURE */
            header[10]=MY_HEADER_VERSION&0xFF;
            header[11]=(crc>>8)&0xFF;
            header[12]=crc&0xFF;
            int2be(sizeof(header), &header[12]);
            break;
    }

    /* write file */
    file = fopen(oname,"wb");
    if ( !file ) {
       perror(oname);
       return -1;
    }
    if ( !fwrite(header,headerlen,1,file) ) {
       perror(oname);
       return -1;
    }
    if ( !fwrite(outbuf,length,1,file) ) {
       perror(oname);
       return -1;
    }
    fclose(file);
    
    free(inbuf);
    free(outbuf);
    
    return 0;
}

int iaudio_encode(char *iname, char *oname, char *idstring)
{
    size_t len;
    int length;
    FILE *file;
    unsigned char *outbuf;
    int i;
    unsigned char sum = 0;
    
    file = fopen(iname, "rb");
    if (!file) {
       perror(iname);
       return -1;
    }
    fseek(file,0,SEEK_END);
    length = ftell(file);
    
    fseek(file,0,SEEK_SET); 
    outbuf = malloc(length+0x1030);

    if ( !outbuf ) {
       printf("out of memory!\n");
       return -1;
    }

    len = fread(outbuf+0x1030, 1, length, file);
    if(len < length) {
        perror(iname);
        return -2;
    }
    
    memset(outbuf, 0, 0x1030);
    strcpy((char *)outbuf, idstring);

    for(i = 0; i < length;i++)
        sum += outbuf[0x1030 + i];

    int2be(length, &outbuf[0x1024]);
    outbuf[0x102b] = sum;

    fclose(file);

    file = fopen(oname, "wb");
    if (!file) {
       perror(oname);
       return -3;
    }
    
    len = fwrite(outbuf, 1, length+0x1030, file);
    if(len < length) {
        perror(oname);
        return -4;
    }

    fclose(file);
}